The Royal St George's Golf Club

GEO Certified® 05/2015
Sandwich,
England, United Kingdom
Telephone: 01304 613090
18th_from_green_club_image

Founded in 1887 Royal St George’s Golf Course is an 18 hole links course covering a distance of 7204 yards. It is an established Open venue approximately 2 miles from the town of Sandwich in the county of Kent. The site, itself lies within a coastal dune system which is designated as a SSSI and an SAC and is adjacent to the coast line which forms part of the Pegwell Bay NNR a designated RAMSAR. The course covers an area of 494.2 acres. The facility comprises the clubhouse; pro-shop; practice facility; half way house and maintenance facilities.…

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Click below to read about the activities undertaken by this golf facility to operate sustainably.

Facility details

Golf Courses
Royal St George's Golf Club (18 holes, 7204 yards, year opened 1887)
1 Clubhouse(s)
1 Maintenance Facility/Facilities
1 Pro Shop
1 Practice Facility/Facilities
1 Halfway House(s)
2 Maintenance Facility/Facilities

Nature

The course is located within a coastal sand dune system situated along the South East coast of England, known as Sandwich Bay. The entire course has numerous designations, which include: Site of Special Scientific Interest, and a Special Area of Conservation, due to the presence of rare habitats and flora found predominantly at this single site, such as Himantoglossum hircinum (lizard orchid) and Orobanche caryophyllacea (bedstraw broomrape). The golf course also resides within close proximity to Pegwell Bay National Nature Reserve, Special Protection Areas and a designated Ramsar site.

Consultation & Surveys

This golf facility consults the following organizations regarding landscape heritage conservation:

  • Natural England
  • Environment Agency
  • Sandwich Bay Bird Observatory
  • Canterbury Christ Church University

The following landscape assessments and surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility:

Title Author Date View document
Historical review of land use changes on Sandwich Bay dunes, Kent Henderson, A. 1986/07/01
Botanical Survey of Route for New Sea Defence Works at Sandwich Bay, Kent Henderson, K.L. 1986/08/01
Sand Dune Survey of Great Britain. Site Report No. 76: Sandwich Bay, Kent Doarks, C., Hedley, S.M., Radley, G.P. & Woolven, S.C. 1990/01/01
A Study in the Land Use Pattern and Scientific Importance of the Stour Estuary: Site of Special Scientific Interest Douthwaite, R.J. 1967/06/01
National Vegetation Classification Survey of Sand Dunes at Sandwich Bay Kent Dargie, T. C. D. 2002/01/01
National Vegetation Classification Survey of Sand Dunes at Sandwich Bay Kent: Repeat Survey of Royal St George’s Golf Club Dargie, T. C. D. 2009/01/01
Eco-hydrological interactions within a sand dune system in South East England Earl, G. C. J. 2014/10/01
Interpreting sand dune habitat change at Sandwich Bay using sequential NVC survey Earl, G. C. J. and Dargie, T. C. D. 2013/09/09

This golf facility consults the following organizations regarding ecosystem protection and enhancement:

  • Natural England
  • Sandwich Bay Bird Observatory
  • STRI
  • Kent Wildlife Trust
  • Canterbury Christ Church University
  • Centre for Ecology and Hydrology

The following ecological surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility:

Title Author Date View document
The Bright Wave Moth Survey (Annually) Burtterfly Conservation Organisation (Natural England) SP Clancy 2014/12/01
Royal St George's Orchid Report (Annually) Kent Wildlife Trust - Tony Swandale 2014/12/01
Eco-hydrological interactions within a sand dune system in South East England Graham Earl 2014/12/01

Rare, protected and notable species occurring at this golf facility:

Local name Scientific name
Lizard Orchid Himantoglossum hircinum
Bright Wave Moth Idaea ochrata
Bedstraw Broomrape Orobanche caryophyllacea
Rest Harrow Moth Aplasta ononaria
Pigmy Footman Moth Eilema pygmaeola
Sand Catchfly Silene conica
Green-winged Orchid Anacamptis morio
Pyramidal Orchid Anacamptis pyramidalis
Southern Marsh Orchid Dactylorhiza praetermissa

This golf facility regularly monitors the following species as indicators of environmental quality:

Local name Scientific name
Lizard Orchid Himantoglossum hircinum
Bright Wave Moth Idaea ochrata
Root Knot Nematode Meloidogyne spp.
Bedstraw Broomrape Orobanche caryophyllacea
Pyramidal Orchid Anacamptis pyramidalis
Green-winged Orchid Anacamptis morio
Sweet Vernal Grass Anthoxanthum odoratum
Sand Sedge Carex arenaria
Lichen Cladonia rangiformis
Southern Marsh Orchid Dactylorhiza praetermissa
Tall Fescue Schedonorus arundinaceus
Red Fescue Festuca rubra
Lady's Bedstraw Galium verum
Sharp-flowered Rush Juncus acutiflorus
Annual Meadow-grass Poa annua

Habitats & Designations

This golf facility features the following landscape designations:

Description Designating Authority
SSSI Natural England
Ramsar Site Natural England
Special Area of Conservation Natural England
Special Protection Area Natural England

Area of habitats / vegetation types, and associated designations at this golf facility:

Title Estimated Area (Acres) Designation
Sand dunes 494.21 International
Scrub Vegetation 0.80 None
Rough 'ecological' grassland 425.56 International
Open Water Features 0.05 None
Wetlands 0.60 Self Appointed

Turfgrass

Size and estimated species composition of amenity turfgrass maintained at this golf facility.

Estimated Area (Acres) Turfgrass Species Sward Composition (%)
Greens 2.491 Acres Festuca rubra 70%
Poa annua 30%
Tees 3.559 Acres Festuca rubra 95%
Poa annua 5%
Fairways 34.718 Acres Festuca rubra 60%
Poa annua 40%
Semi Rough 27.881 Acres Festuca rubra 60%
Lolium perenne 40%

These turfgrasses are optimal for the circumstances at this club because:
The course is actively encouraging native species, particularly the finer grasses Festuca rubra and Anthoxanthum odoratum, by maintaining a strict watering regime, reduction in the thatch depth, silting and topdressing. All of these management techniques promote a firm stable playing surface, and discourage competitive broad leaf swards and other invasive unwanted species within the areas in and out of play.

This golf facility assesses mowing patterns every: Continually months

This golf facility consults the following individuals / organizations regarding its grassing plan:

  • STRI
  • Mackenzie Ebert
  • Natural England

This golf facility is making the following efforts to manage the playing quality expectations of customers:

Activity Description
Establishing clear internal policies for irrigation, fertilization, colour, cutting heights, overseeding etc A strict watering regime, in accordance in the courses water management program. Up-to-date spray and fertilisation records. Cutting heights are restricted to 4 mm, to ensure the preservation of native fescues in areas of play. Over-seeding undertaken on an as needed basis.
Promoting the playing quality values of more naturalized turf, particularly fairways and semi-rough Cultivated on-site turf is used where possible, reducing the amount of imported turf used on the course. Over-seeding is undertaken on the fairways where needed, however to ensure naturalised semi-rough margins, they are managed to encourage natural regeneration of the existing seed bank.
Promoting the financial benefits of presenting sustainable surfaces Reduced energy consumption by selective mowing of all playing areas, including areas out of play. In situ native swards used where possible, to reduce the expenditure of bought in turf in the annual P&L account. Resulting in reduced costs and reallocation of resources.
Improving customer understanding around greens maintenance The club promotes a transparency policy with regards to areas both in and out of play. Members and staff are encouraged to communicate, particularly with regards green keeping staff, whom inform members of detailed changes when requested.
Demonstrating the direct relationship between environmental best practice and year round high quality playing surfaces The club promotes research informed management. Recent collaboration with Canterbury Christ Church University has allowed for ground level management revision of grounds maintenance of the amenity and natural areas, ensuring best environmental best practice and high quality playing surfaces.
Eco-hydrological interactions within a sand dune system in South East England Areas of focus include: hydro-chemical analysis of the groundwater; management trials of various management techniques; cartographic analysis of the chemical and vegetation dynamics; detailed analysis of vegetation species compositions.

Has led to informed best environmental practice at RSGGC

Conservation & Enhancement

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to conserve landscape character:

Activity Description
Allowing seasonal variation of course coloration and texture Reduce definition of the playing surfaces by a careful watering regime, for example hand watering greens. Promoting natural fescue regeneration and reducing general competitive swards such as Poa annual.
Appropriately matching mowing lines to contours A detailed management regime, ensures that the contours of the golf course, are evenly matched. Inaccessible and/or sensitive areas are hand-cut to ensure specified depth of cut, suitable to the species present and intended purpose. Cartographic analysis of the course is undertaken annually.
Protection and restoration of historic features N/A The club resides upon reclaimed coastal sediments from a progradational coastline.
Discreet on-course signage and furniture The Club adopts a minimalist interpretation policy, signage installed is appropriate for rights-of-way, and to fulfill the required health and safety regulations where hazardous are present, conserving landscape character. There are infrequently situated shelter structures throughout the course.
Conservation of specimen trees There are limited trees on the course, which are maintained sympathetically where necessary, to conserving landscape character.
Screening and softening unsightly man-made features Reallocation of native plants (Foeniculum vulgare, wild fennel) on site to naturally screen telecommunications junction boxes installations installed for Open Championships. Soft landscaping of scrub areas to encourage open habitats of small mammals and invertebrates.
Eco-hydrological interactions within a sand dune system in South East England Areas of focus include: hydro-chemical analysis of the groundwater; management trials of various management techniques; cartographic analysis of the chemical and vegetation dynamics; detailed analysis of vegetation species compositions.

Promoted conservation and enhancement at RSGGC

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to improve the landscape ecology of the golf course:

Activity Description
Minimizing the amount of amenity grass An intensive programme of approved selective herbicide ('rescue') has been adopted to discourage the growth of competitive broad leaf species. Verti-cutting of areas out of play to reduce the coarse grass thatch. Compaction management by top dressing and silting, using in-situ sand stores
Increasing the size of habitat patches Winter management regimes focus upon areas out of play, reducing the amount of residual sward thatch, by verti-cutting and a controlled burning regime. Allowing for rejuvenation and diversity of isolated areas in between playing areas.
Connection of internal habitat patches There a reduced degree of fragmentation between the managed areas and semi-natural/natural areas.
Connection of patches with external habitats Course design allows connectively between playing areas, acting like a green corridor.
Creation of habitat corridors Reduced intensive management of areas between tees and fairways, plus additional creation of wetlands and out of play areas.
Avoidance of habitat fragmentation Careful management of the areas of play, for example limited usage of natural areas by zonation of sensitive areas.
Improving and diversifying habitat edges Implication of zonation of sensitive areas, and research led observation into sward species and the promotion of indigenousness grasses on site.
Eco-hydrological interactions within a sand dune system in South East England Areas of focus include: hydro-chemical analysis of the groundwater; management trials of various management techniques; cartographic analysis of the chemical and vegetation dynamics; detailed analysis of vegetation species compositions.

Promoted management enhancement at RSGGC

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to improve the quality of habitats on the golf course:

Activity Description
Creation of botanically rich rough grassland Management trials on accepted dune grassland techniques, quantifying management and energy expenditure. For example, bi-annual burning regime to reduce thatch of coarse grasses, promoting native species.
Ecologically informed management of scrub vegetation Survey led assessments of flora and fauna, before invasive management is undertaken.
Promoting species and structurally diverse woodlands Annual revision of watering regime, and other course management linked to vegetation surveys to promote Annex 1 endangered species regeneration. Research led decision making.
Establishment of littoral shelves and marginal vegetation in wetland areas Previous creation of wetland area, near 4th Tee. No current program to create additional wetland on site.
Maintenance of an appropriate balance of open water and aquatic vegetation Monitoring of ditches and 14th water hazardous for invasive non-native species, for example Crassula helmsii (New Zealand Pygmy Weed). Ditch management is on a as needed regime with monthly observations.
Naturalization of linear habitats Natural undulation of the course means that the semi-natural/natural areas, fragment automatically based upon sediment composition, nutrient and/or water retention. Creating a natural mosaic of habitats across the course.
Eco-hydrological interactions within a sand dune system in South East England Areas of focus include: hydro-chemical analysis of the groundwater; management trials of various management techniques; cartographic analysis of the chemical and vegetation dynamics; detailed analysis of vegetation species compositions.

Promoted habitat awareness at RSGGC

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to conserve and enhance biodiversity on the golf course:

Activity Description
Provision of nesting and nectar for pollinators SSSI stipulations limit the introduction of non-native species specific to this type of habitat into the landscape. However the screening regime using wild fennel does act as a food source for invertebrates, in addition to the diverse native flora.
Installation of nest boxes Installation of nesting boxes around the golf clubs infrastructure.
Provision of feeding tables Installation of feeding tables around the golf clubs infrastructure.
Control / management of alien species Manual and Chemical control of invasive plant species, for example weed wiping using Glyphosate and manual lifting of troublesome or invasive plants.
Provision of hibernation areas Compost area (0.53 ha) is an unofficial hibernation area, with established regime of low disturbance between September - March.
Creation of micro-habitats (eg log and stone piles) Establishment of micro-habitat area right of the 2th Fairway, this includes a created wetland and wood piles.
Eco-hydrological interactions within a sand dune system in South East England Areas of focus include: hydro-chemical analysis of the groundwater; management trials of various management techniques; cartographic analysis of the chemical and vegetation dynamics; detailed analysis of vegetation species compositions.

Promoted research led decision-making focusing on diversity

Water

The Clubhouse and workshop water is drawn from a metered mains supply. Water for irrigation purposes on the course is drawn from the North Stream, a tributary of the River Stour. The Club is one of the final points of extraction before the river flows into the English Channel. The Club's extraction licence from the Environment Agency, allows the club to use up to five million litres per year. In practice, the Club rarely uses over 75% of this amount. The Club has recently purchased a 20 acre field on which we will build a reservoir. This reservoir will be filled primarily by water extraction from the North Stream and precipitation, during the winter months. future course irrigation will be a mixture between extracted water from the North Stream and the reservoir. The reservoir will be constructed of local clay, and will incorporate features and habitats to attract invertebrates, overwintering and breeding waders. Design plans have been approved by Natural England and by the Sandwich Bird Observatory.

Sources & Consumption

The following water audits have been undertaken at this golf facility:

Title Author Date View document
Leak Detection Report Water Audit Services 2012/08/15

The water used at this golf facility is drawn from the following sources:

2014 Source(s) % of supply Total Consumption
Clubhouse(s) Public / Potable 100% 1,437,939 Gallons
Golf Course Surface 100% 3,015,778 Gallons
Maintenance Facility/Facilities Public / Potable 100% 20,000 Gallons
2013 Source(s) % of supply Total Consumption
Clubhouse(s) Public / Potable 100% 1,359,629 Gallons
Golf Course Surface 100% 4,378,487 Gallons
Maintenance Facility/Facilities Public / Potable 100% 20,000 Gallons
Other Public / Potable 0% 0 Gallons
2012 Source(s) % of supply Total Consumption
Clubhouse(s) Public / Potable 100% 1,359,629 Gallons
Golf Course Surface 100% 2,639,850 Gallons
Maintenance Facility/Facilities Public / Potable 100% 20,000 Gallons
Other Public / Potable 0% 0 Gallons

Irrigation & Efficiency

The following areas receive irrigation at this golf facility:

Greens Daily in season
Tees Daily in season
Fairways Daily in season
Semi-Rough Weekly
Rough Never

The irrigation system at this golf facility is:
Fully computer controlled

The irrigation system at this golf facility is:

Serviced every 6 months

Upgraded every 1 years

Re-calibrated and checked for efficient application every 6 months

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to maximize irrigation efficiency:

Activity Description
Selection of grass species Fescue grass species are native to the environment that the golf course is situated on. course management actively promotes the regeneration of fescues due to their drought resistance, reducing water consumption and energy expenditure.
Soil decompaction and thatch management Course management regime, focuses upon a reduction in moisture content and ground compaction by a regular regime of slitting, verti-draining and top dressing with sand, of greens, tees, fairways and semi rough. A bi-annual burning regime reduces the amount of ground level thatch.
Timing and dose of water application Irrigation is applied when needed, and at specific times of the day (early-morning/dusk) to reduce the amount of evapotranspiration. Hand watering is done on an as needed basis, potentially at any time during the day.
Analysis of soil moisture Soil moisture is analysed on a regular basis, and watering is based upon moisture percentages specific to environmental conditions and playing surface. minimising water wastage and reassessment of watering rates based upon meteorological and seasonal variation.
Incorporation of evapotranspiration rates and weather data Weather data leads to informed decision making and real time revision of watering regime. Evapotranspiration rates are taken into consideration to the irrigation schedule and are adjusted to seasonal variability and meteorological conditions.
Use of wetting agents Used as part of watering policy, and regulated on a constant basis.
Overall reduction in irrigated area Watering regime is monitored on a constant basis, in-line with weather data obtained, meteorological observations, and seasonal variability.
Targeting of sprinkler heads Regularly reviewed for location and coverage. Where possible aerial photography is obtained and observed to enhance decision-making on reallocation or installation of additional sprinkler heads.
Optimizing system pressure Regularly serviced and checked.
Adoption of cutting edge nozzle technology On going research and supplier recommendations.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to conserve / reduce / minimize water consumption:

Activity Description
Low-flow urinals and toilets Urinals are on an automated system, and the toilets on the course have been adapted to have a reduced flush rate. Reducing water consumption.
Use of water efficient appliances All facilities have new appliances, when required, with A+ rating for energy and water consumption rates were possible.
Use of efficient shower technology All facilities, that have been refurbished and applicable, have efficient shower technology. For example, Dormy accommodation and in the changing rooms.
Repairing leaks Constant monitoring as the clubs water policy. All staff are encouraged to be observant, both on and off the course of any water leaks.
Water awareness signage No

Energy

The club uses a mixture of resources in and off areas of play. The club house offices and outbuildings are powered by mains gas and electricity. The workshops are on main electricity, and have portable gas sources for equipment repair and service. The course green keeping machinery is powered by petrol and diesel fuels. Golf buggies have rechargeable batteries.

Sources & Consumption

No energy surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility.

Consumption of renewable energy and resources at this golf facility:

2014 2013 2012
Biogas (Gallons) 0 0 0
Biomass 0 0 0
First Generation Bio-Fuels (Gallons) 0 0 0
Hydrogen (Gallons) 0 0 0
On-site Hydro (kWh) 0 0 0
On-site Solar (kWh) 0 0 0
On-site Wind (kWh) 0 0 0
Renewable Grid Electricity (kWh) 0 0 0
Second Generation Bio-Fuels (Gallons) 0 0 0
Wood from sustainable sources 2000 2000 2000

Consumption of non-renewable energy and resources at this golf facility:

2014 2013 2012
Coal 1000 1000 1000
Diesel (Gallons) 1430 2640 3080
Heating Oil (Gallons) 196 210 220
Hydraulic Oil (Gallons) 31 72 60
LPG (Gallons) 0 0 0
Natural Gas (Gallons) 0 0 0
Non-renewable Grid (kWh) 273348 514355 477423
Petrol (Gallons) 484 1056 704
Propane / Butane (Gallons) 100 100 100
Wood from unsustainable sources 0 0 0

Energy Efficiency

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to diversify energy and fuel supply:

Activity Description
Adoption of green tariff grid supply Not adopted
Installation of small scale wind turbine No
Installation of photovoltaic and / or solar panels No
Use of geothermal and / or ground sources N/A
Use of Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG) A single residence on site uses LPG to heat the premises.
Use of biodiesel and /or ethanol Not on site, but waste contractors recycle food grade cooking oil for biodiesel production.
Use of electric hybrid vehicles Not currently, but willing to invest into photovoltaic buggy technology when renewing vehicles.
Use of recycled oils Not currently.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to reduce energy consumption:

Activity Description
Investment in low-energy heating and air conditioning systems Installation of efficient boilers (in 2011), to reduce the amount of gas consumption.
Optimizing thermostat levels for heating and refrigeration Checked regularly by staff and EHT teams for optimum efficiency.
Enhancement of natural ventilation opportunities The club house has in-situ ventilation panels installed in the kitchen areas. The upper levels of the Dormy accommodation promote natural ventilation. There is also an element of stack and wind-induced ventilation by default due to the age of the buildings on site.
Upgrading of building insulation Refurbishment of Dormy accommodation and replacement of windows with double glazed units.
Use of natural light (e.g. sunlight pipes) Not currently installed.
Installation of low-energy lighting As a part of the clubs policy at replaced lighting is to low energy bulbs, fitted though-out the club house and outer buildings. Security lighting has also been upgraded to low voltage SMD LEDs units.
Use of motion sensor lighting All security lights have PIR motion sensors, corrected for low light levels, and checked regularly.
Transition to energy efficient appliances All replacement appliances purchased are A+ energy rated, where possible.
Use of timers with appliances, heating and lighting All appliances are turned on as needed, and the boilers are on thermostatically controlled time switches. All exterior lighting in on a PIR timer system.
Educating staff and customers The club management has a responsibility to ensure all staff are energy aware and efficient. Staff are also encouraged to contribute energy saving ideas where possible.

Vehicles & Transport

The maintenance fleet at this golf facility uses the following fuel sources:

Ride-on Mowers Walking Mowers Utility Vehicles
Petrol 100% 100% 0%
Diesel 0% 0% 100%
LPG 0% 0% 0%
Grid Electric 0% 0% 0%
Micro Renewable 0% 0% 0%
Hybrid 0% 0% 0%
Hydrogen 0% 0% 0%

Additional vehicles operated by this golf facility use the following fuel sources:

Golf Carts Cars Buses
Petrol 14% 0% 0%
Diesel 0% 0% 100%
LPG 0% 0% 0%
Grid Electric 86% 0% 0%
Micro Renewable 0% 0% 0%
Hybrid 0% 0% 0%
Hydrogen 0% 0% 0%

This golf facility has established the following schemes to encourage reductions in staff and customer transport emissions:

Activity Description
Car sharing incentives Staff are encouraged to get involved in car sharing scheme, as a part of the courses transport policy.
Group transportation (e.g. buses) The club has group transportation services as a part of its transport policy, due to lack of Public transport nearby. For example, the club runs a shuttle bus service for members and staff.
Secure cycle parking Secure cycle parking is available for all, thus promoting the cycle scheme.
Promoting public transport routes and timetables There is no direct public transport to the site, therefore the club offered a transport policy and service for customers and staff.
Increasing equipment storage (e.g. lockers) The club offers storage for all members. Staff are allocated areas to store possessions safely during and out of work hours to reduce the volume of work related items transported.
Staff showers Showers are available to staff, and if required are accessible. Showers are there as part of our Health and Safety policy.
Tax breaking incentives for cycling Staff are encouraged to cycle, and members of staff are taking advantage of the scheme.
Promotion of walk to work campaigns Staff are encouraged to walk to work where possible, a number of employees do walk and a car sharing scheme is also in operation.

Supply Chain

Royal St George's golf club provides a unique amenity experience for members and visitors, from all over the world. On average Royal St George's attracts roughly 14,000 golfers a year to Sandwich, bringing in revenue the local towns. The club promotes and sources local produce wherever possible, to ensure that the local community supported financially. For example, where applicable local food products are purchased from nearby farms and/or local wholesalers, reducing the number of food miles. It is estimated that Royal St George's attracts £70 million in revenue to Kent during an British Open year.

Purchasing Policies

This golf facility undertakes the following ethical / environmental purchasing activities:

Activity Description
Measures to avoid waste at source Purchases of materials and items both on and off the course, are based upon revision annual usage forecasts, avoiding waste wherever possible.
Use of local suppliers Romney Marsh butchers (Romney Marsh)
Local greengrocers (Sandwich)
Griggs of Hythe fishmongers (Deal, Hythe)
Use of local products Locally sourced fish and meat
Selection of certified products The golf course where possible supports the production of organic and un-sprayed products as food consumables, where possible. With regards to fertilisers the club uses on the course, a recycled organic seaweed fertiliser from a certified supplier, is used as part of the golf course regime.
Use of recycled and recyclable products The course promotes and consciously purchases, where possible recyclable products, both on and off playing areas. For example, recycled organic seaweed fertiliser from a certified supplier, is used as part of the golf fertiliser course regime.
Selection of products that feature minimal packaging Perishable items such as bread, fruit and vegetables are bought in according to annual usage forecasts. Non-perishable items are bought in bulk according to annual usage forecasts and/or on an as needed basis.
Use of accredited suppliers (e.g. ISO 14001) The course using accredited suppliers, of which suppliers that are associated with the course maintenance are organisations that are committed to reducing their environmental impact.

Supply Chain

An overview of the supplier network at this golf facility:

Total number of suppliers Total number of suppliers within 10 Miles Total number of suppliers within 100 Miles
Food & Beverage 6 1 5
Catering Supplies 6 6
Retail 1 1
Trade & Contractors 7 7
Maintenance Equipment 8 1 7
Course Supplies 6 6

Turfgrass Inputs

This golf facility undertakes the following IPM activities:

Activity Description
Encouraging drought and disease tolerant grasses The use of chewing and red fescue as the predominant grass species encouraged, is naturally the desiccant resistant species. The establishment of an on-site turf nursery also ensures that the species composition of turf used will be the most appropriate for the course.
Managing stress and wear the main thoroughfares to access the course are established and maintained throughout the year, to reduce wear of the thoroughfares, additional access routes are available. With regards to water stress, this is actively promoted to selectively encourage fescue species.
Enhancement of soil structure The course resides within an area of scientific and environmental importance, therefore management actively focuses upon impoverishing the soil structure. it is done by reduced watering, slitting and top dressing with sand, to increase porosity and break up the soil structure.
Optimization of the growing environment The course watering regime and management targets native diverse flora, by reducing nutrient inputs, increasing drainage and reducing moisture levels.
Managing thatch levels There is a bi-annual burning regime in place as part of the winter management schedule, which aims to reduce the amount of thatch within this semi-rough and natural areas out of play.
Managing surface moisture Surface moisture regulated using hand probes visual observation, based upon the accumulation of weather data, meteorological conditions and seasonal variability.
Establishing thresholds for pests and disease Pests and diseases across the site are recorded daily and dealt with accordingly. Observation of possible trends in pest and disease establishment.
Scouting for pests and diseases Visual observation is undertaken on a daily basis for pests and diseases, and dealt with accordingly based upon best practices.
Monitoring / improvement of plant health Visual observation is undertaken on a daily basis.

Fertilizer use at this golf facility in the last three years (kg):

2014 2013 2012
Fairways - K - Inorganic 0 0 0
Fairways - K - Organic 0 0 0
Fairways - N - Inorganic 0 0 0
Fairways - N - Organic 20 10 10
Fairways - P - Inorganic 0 0 0
Fairways - P - Organic 0 0 0
Greens - K - Inorganic 0 0 0
Greens - K - Organic 0 0 0
Greens - N - Inorganic 30 40 50
Greens - N - Organic 10 10 10
Greens - P - Inorganic 0 0 0
Greens - P - Organic 0 0 0
Rough - K - Inorganic 0 0 0
Rough - K - Organic 0 0 0
Rough - N - Inorganic 0 0 0
Rough - N - Organic 0 0 0
Rough - P - Inorganic 0 0 0
Rough - P - Organic 0 0 0
Semi-Rough - K - Inorganic 0 0 0
Semi-Rough - K - Organic 0 0 0
Semi-Rough - N - Inorganic 0 0 0
Semi-Rough - N - Organic 0 0 0
Semi-Rough - P - Inorganic 0 0 0
Semi-Rough - P - Organic 0 0 0
Tees - K - Inorganic 0 0 0
Tees - K - Organic 0 0 0
Tees - N - Inorganic 30 40 50
Tees - N - Organic 10 10 10
Tees - P - Inorganic 0 0 0
Tees - P - Organic 0 0 0

Pesticide use at this golf facility in the last three years (kg):

2014 2013 2012
Fairways - Fungicide - Active Ingredient 0 0 0
Fairways - Fungicide - Total Weight 0 0 0
Fairways - Fungicide - Number of applications per year 0 0 0
Fairways - Herbicide - Active Ingredient 0.86 0.86 0
Fairways - Herbicide - Total Weight 15 30 0
Fairways - Herbicide - Number of applications per year 8 16 0
Fairways - Insecticide - Active Ingredient 0 0 0
Fairways - Insecticide - Total Weight 0 0 0
Fairways - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 0 0 0
Greens - Fungicide - Active Ingredient 1.30 2.29 3.27
Greens - Fungicide - Total Weight 6 10.5 15
Greens - Fungicide - Number of applications per year 2 4 4
Greens - Herbicide - Active Ingredient 0.11 0 0.63
Greens - Herbicide - Total Weight 2 0.045 11
Greens - Herbicide - Number of applications per year 2 1 1
Greens - Insecticide - Active Ingredient 0 0 0.67
Greens - Insecticide - Total Weight 0 0 4.5
Greens - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 0 0 3
Rough - Fungicide - Active Ingredient 0 0 0
Rough - Fungicide - Total Weight 0 0 0
Rough - Fungicide - Number of applications per year 0 0 0
Rough - Herbicide - Active Ingredient 0.40 0.13 0.07
Rough - Herbicide - Total Weight 7 2.3 1.3
Rough - Herbicide - Number of applications per year 3.5 3 1
Rough - Insecticide - Active Ingredient 0 0 0
Rough - Insecticide - Total Weight 0 0 0
Rough - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 0 0 0
Semi-Rough - Fungicide - Active Ingredient 0 0 0
Semi-Rough - Fungicide - Total Weight 0 0 0
Semi-Rough - Fungicide - Number of applications per year 0 0 0
Semi-Rough - Herbicide - Active Ingredient 0 0 0
Semi-Rough - Herbicide - Total Weight 0 0 0
Semi-Rough - Herbicide - Number of applications per year 0 0 0
Semi-Rough - Insecticide - Active Ingredient 0 0 0
Semi-Rough - Insecticide - Total Weight 0 0 0
Semi-Rough - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 0 0 0
Tees - Fungicide - Active Ingredient 0.87 0.65 1.47
Tees - Fungicide - Total Weight 0 2 6.00
Tees - Fungicide - Number of applications per year 0 1 3
Tees - Herbicide - Active Ingredient 0.11 0 1.20
Tees - Herbicide - Total Weight 2.40 2.60 21
Tees - Herbicide - Number of applications per year 4 2 1
Tees - Insecticide - Active Ingredient 0 0 1.34
Tees - Insecticide - Total Weight 0 0 3
Tees - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 0 0 2

This golf facility undertakes the following actions to optimize pesticide use:

Activity Description
Selection on the least toxic and lest persistent products Limited use of of pesticides as a reactive, rather than preventative method.
Selection of appropriate products for specific pests and diseases Rescue (Selective Herbicide - Rye and Yorkshire fog grasses)
Bannermaxx (Fungicide - Dollar Spot) Medallion (Fungicide)
Crossfire (Insecticide - Leather jackets)
Glyphosate (Non-selective Herbicide - Creeping thistle)
Spot-treatment with handheld sprayers and wipers Spot treatment/weed wiping using Glyphosate on an as needed infrequent application of troublesome perennial weeds.
Calibration and testing of sprayers Calibration and testing of sprayers undertaken as a pre-check before use the sprayer, in addition to intermittent observations during application. Annual pressure test and maintenance.
Use of shrouded sprayer and anti-drip nozzles The use of a shrouded spray boom curtain, is used as standard, to avoid over-spray and contamination of water source.
Non-chemical weed control Hand weeding is encouraged over chemical control where possible.
Use of organic and biological products to improve plant health and resistance. The use of organic seaweed derivatives on the course as a replacement to inorganic fertilisers.

Waste Management

No waste audits have been undertaken at this golf facility.

This golf facility manages key waste streams as follows:

Re-use Recycle Landfill Incinerate
Glass false true false false
Plastic false true false false
Aluminium false true false false
Metal false true false false
Paper & Cardboard false true false false
Grass Clippings false true false false
Cores & Turf false true false false
Sand false true false false
Wood / Timber false false false true

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to continue the lifecycle of materials and resources:

Activity Description
Separation of recyclable materials Separation of recycled materials is undertaken according to local government stipulations and not addressed on-site.
Establishment of recycling centers There is no provision for establishing recycling centres on site.
Returning clipping to fairways and walkways Due to the ecological importance of the dune system which the golf course resides, all plant material is removed to a allocated composting area. No organic material is returned unscreened, in accordance to international guidelines for an area sensitive to nutrients.
Education of staff and customer education Research led environmental awareness is promoted to relevant members of staff, and staff are encouraged to communicate this knowledge where appropriate.
Waste awareness campaigns It is responsibility of management to ensure that all members of staff are aware of the golf clubs waste awareness campaign. Members of staff are also encouraged to engage and contribute ideas when possible.

Pollution Control

Chemicals are stored in secured metal cabinets, with installed bunded areas to ensure that any leakages are contained. chemicals only purchased in accordance to the spray machine to ensure that no access unnecessary chemical volume in present at anyone time. Fertilisers comprise of nitrogen inorganic soluble compounds, and seaweed derivative plant feed solutions, purchased on an as needed basis to reduce storage on-site and safeguard against potential possible contamination to the groundwater.
Chemical access is restricted to only appointed qualified individuals, whom have understood the chemical safety guidelines, PA 1, 2 and 6. Equipment is washed down with greywater within a purpose-built bunded area, with a water recycling facility attached.

All members of staff are trained to recognise and avoid potential the leachates of nutrients or other potentially harmful chemicals to the environment. ensure that any chemical residue from the spray booms, is protected by the installation of buffer zones to avoid potential chemical dispersal into ditches and waterways.

Water Analysis

This golf facility monitors water quality with the following frequency:

Chemical Biological Visual
Inflow Yearly Three Yearly Monthly
On-Site Weekly Yearly Daily
Outflow Never Never Daily

Waste Water

Waste water from this golf facility is managed as follows:

Discharges to Formal Discharge Agreement
Golf Course Ditch No
Clubhouse Mains Sewer Yes
Maintenance Facility On-Site Treatment Plant Yes
Wash Pad On-Site Treatment Plant Yes

Hazardous Materials

Hazardous materials at this golf facility are handled and disposed of as follows:

Secure Storage Registered Uplift
Detergents true false
Cooking Oils true false
Lubricants true false
Pesticide Containers true false
Fertiliser Bags true false
Oil Filters true false
Batteries true false

Pollution Prevention

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to prevent pollution from its maintenance facility and clubhouse:

Activity Description
Storage of equipment and hazardous products on covered, sealed impervious areas Equipment facility is located on a non-porous hard-standing with chemical resistant painted floor, to reduce any possible contamination of leachates to the groundwater. Chemicals and fertilisers are stored within a secure appropriate cabinet. Absorbent materials are kept to deal with leaks or spills
Maintenance of equipment on covered, sealed impervious areas All maintenance of machinery takes place within the equipment facility which has a non-porous hard-standing with chemical resistant painted floor, appropriate absorbent materials are always nearby to deal with any potential leaks or spills from vehicle maintenance.
Mixing of pesticides and fertilizers in covered areas Mixing of chemicals and fertilizers takes place within the purpose-built bunded compound. Spray booms are always inspected by PA 1,2 and 6 qualified personnel before being allowed to venture out of the compound.
Mixing of pesticides and fertilizers over impervious surfaces Mixing of chemicals and fertilizers takes place within the purpose-built bunded compound, with a non-porous hard-standing. Spray booms are always inspected by PA 1,2 and 6 qualified personnel before being allowed to venture out of the compound.
Installation of above-ground fuel tanks Fuel oils are stored above ground in a double skinned bunded tank suitable for the contained liquid.
Installation of sufficient secondary containment for fuel It is club policy for the fuel oil access to be securely locked at all times, even between dispensing. This ensures that appropriate use is restricted to only those personnel which should have access.
Provision of containment booms and absorbent materials The fuel oil tank is inspected on a daily basis to ensure that there is no visible leaks. A spill kit is located near to the dispensing nozzle to ensure, minimum contamination of spilt fuel.

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to prevent pollution on its golf course:

Activity Description
Eliminating leachate and run-off through careful timing of turf inputs Applications of fertilisers and herbicides/pesticides are planned in accordance to the golf course management schedule. Applications of chemicals and fertilisers, are reviewed on a as needed basis and only applied during optimal conditions in accordance to spraying guidelines.
Establishment of vegetative buffer strips around water bodies Vegetation is encouraged to establish around water bodies and ditches, to act as a sterile strip to reduce potential contamination into the watercourses either from over-spray during windy conditions, or as a capture/containment barrier between organic material entering the watercourses.
Establishment of emergency spillage response plan Emergency spill kit protocols in place around the equipment facility areas. On the course, potential spillage is safeguarded against by careful observation by trained individuals trained to spray guidelines PA 1, 2 and 6 before the sprayer has left the compound.
Controlling erosion and sediment discharge The golf course resides within a stabilised dune system, therefore potential erosion is limited to the tips of the higher dunes, where there can be a small element of sediment loss via wind desiccation.
Establishment of pesticide-free zones Pesticide usage is kept to a minimum, and only ever an as a reactive basis and not as a preventative control method.
Use of swales and bio-filters to slow and treat surface run-off Vegetation is encouraged to establish around watercourses and ditches, acting as an element of catchment to reduce the flow/volume of surface run-off. The course has a management regime of promoting porosity and free drainage throughout the dune system, therefore excess surface run-off is limited.

Community

Royal St George's attracts some 14,000 golfers a year to Sandwich. There are significant financial benefits to the local community from these visitors, particularly in the hotel, restaurant, pub and retail trades. An Open year is assessed to bring over £70M in revenues to Kent. The Club supports the local Chambers of Commerce, by providing them with discounted golf days, the local bird watchers and other environmentalists by allowing them access to the course and property and has established a charitable trust to make donations to local charities. The Club employs over 40 local staff.

Employment & Education

Typical staffing levels at this golf facility are:

Full Time Part Time Seasonal
Club Management 5
Course Management 10 2
Food & Beverage 8 6 4
Golf Coaching 2
Retail & Leisure 1
Caddies 30

The sustainability working group at this golf facility is comprised of:

  • General Manager
  • Course Manager
  • Committee Members

Employees at this golf facility receive the following formal and informal environmental education:

Activity Description
Storage, application and disposal of pesticides The golf club has an agreement with Hadlow College, which trains and validates green keeping staff to PA 1, 2 and 6 spray certification. The green keepers good standard practice and facilities are also inspected 4 times a year by Club Health and Safety advisor.
Efficient water management The watering regime is monitored on a daily basis by the Steward and Head Green keeper, and adjusted according to weather conditions, seasonal variability and relief.
Management of accidents and emergencies Under authority of General Manager. Regular review and updates of risk assessments and by training supplied regularly by Health and Safety advisor.
Management of habitats and vegetation The course management employs a policy of minimal disturbance to sensitive habitats outside of play, in accordance with the guidelines stated for SSSI areas under management, and inspected periodically by a representative from Natural England.
Waste minimization, separation and recycling Wherever possible the club house waste is separated and recycled. 100% of organic waste from the course is recycled at a designated composting area. All other material used in the green keeping management are recycled and reused, where possible.
Health & Safety The Club employs an external Health and Safety advisor whom visits 4 times a year to train or to audit processes. The club has a H&S line management whom is responsible for heads of departments. Overall responsibility rest with the Committee who own the Club's H&S policy and practices.
Energy Saving All line management have a responsibility to promote energy saving and education of staff. Opportunities exist in future to exploit alternative energy sources.
Understanding of landscape and cultural heritage The responsibility of the Greens Committee and the Green keeping staff. Communication is encouraged between members and staff to promote understanding of the ecological sensitivity of the landscape.
Environmental management planning Environmental management planning is the responsibility of the management team. Course level environmental management is the responsibility of the Greens Committee and senior Green keeping staff.

Community Relations

This golf facility engages with local community groups in the following manner:

Activity Description
Neighbours The club has a good working relationship with both Sandwich Bay Residents association and with Prince's Golf Club, our immediate neighbours.
Local Government Regular contacts with Dover District Council and Dover and Thanet Chambers of Commerce, assist in event planning.
Local Environmental Groups The club has a close working relationship with Natural England, The Sandwich Bird Observatory and a number of other interested environmental groups, all of whom have access to the course as necessary.
Local Community Groups The club has formed a St George's Trust Fund to make charitable donations to local community groups in need of support.
Media The club responds to media requests for access and comment as they arise.
Local Businesses The Club's purchasing strategy tries to support local businesses, wherever possible. The club grants a golf day annually to the local chamber of commerce.
Schools & Colleges the club is actively involved in a number of educational facilities, offering work experience posts to local schools. The club also has links to educational institutions, such as Canterbury Christ Church University, where a number of undergraduates, and a Ph.D. have undertaken research on the site.

Land Use & Cultural Heritage

This golf facility provides access and diversified land use for others through:

Activity Description
Maintenance of existing public paths The club maintains two major footpaths which cross the course and which form part of the coastal path network.
Creation of new paths and nature trails The golf course resides within a sand Dune system that is designated as an environmentally sensitive area (SSSI). New paths are therefore, discouraged because of the SSSI status.
Installation of effective and welcoming signage The signing on site is discrete yet effective and meets all Health and Safety demands. The Club is private property and there is no access to non-golfers other than on the public footpaths.
Providing opportunities for other recreation (e.g. fishing) N/A
Partnership conservation and access projects (e.g. community woodland) The club provides the use of 20 acres of rough land for use by the Sandwich Bird Observatory to construct hides, habitats and on which they can set up bird traps for marked-capture-release surveys.
Continuation of traditional agricultural activities The club tenants 75 acres of the outer margins away from the coast, to a local farmer, managed as short rotation low stocking rough grazing by cattle and sheep.

No archaeological or heritage surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility.

This golf facility does not consult any organizations regarding the conservation of cultural heritage.

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to conserve cultural heritage features:

Activity Description
Buildings (Listed Buildings / Ancient Monuments etc) N/A
Archaeology (Settlements / Agricultural System etc) N/A
Historic Features (Hedgerows / Dykes / Moats / Cairns etc) N/A

Communications

This golf facility undertakes the following internal environmental communications:

Activity Description
Provision of newsletters, notice boards & poster display Members receive approximately 6 newsletters a year, on which course, conservation and environmental issues are reported.
Members evenings and course walks The Committee conduct course walks as necessary
Course guides / brochures None other than Strokesaver.
Interpretation panels & course signage Course signage is reviewed and refreshed/updated, as necessary.
Establishment of a nature trail The course has two designated footpaths which transverse the course, from which birdwatchers can operate. The course welcomes requests to view the wildlife and the landscape when requested in advance.

This golf facility undertakes the following social and environmental advocacy activities:

Activity Description
Website, press releases & brochures None
Supporting campaigns None
Course walks / open days None
Attending community meetings Local Town and District Council meetings to discuss Open access issues.
Joint practical projects with community None