Silloth On Solway

GEO Certified® 10/2017
Wigton,
England, United Kingdom
Telephone: 01697332771
2012_amateur_clubhouse_club_image

Silloth-on-Solway Golf Club is a long-established classic links course in northwest England, which has occupied the same site since 1892. It is ranked within the top 50 golf courses in England, and lies in a very sensitive location, within a nationally important SSSI notified for its sand dune habitat and for the rare Natterjack toads which live there. The club have established a good working relationship with Natural England, and their management of the site is exemplary. They have a long term ecological management plan for the site, involvi…

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Click below to read about the activities undertaken by this golf facility to operate sustainably.

Facility details

Golf Courses
Silloth on Solway Golf Club (18 holes, 6641 yards, year opened 1892)
2 Clubhouse(s)
4 Maintenance Facility/Facilities

Nature

Silloth on Solway golf club is a traditional links course going out in a south westerly direction and returning in a north easterly direction. The footprint of the site lies within the extensive coastal dune system situated along the northern coast of West Cumbria. The site is one of only three sand dune systems in West Cumbria and illustrates well the transition from vegetative shingle bank through mobile to fixed sand dune and includes dune grassland communities and maritime heath.
The golf course is also the most acid in the area, supporting the highest proportion of dune heath. Significant areas of dry heath (acid grassland) are represented along the inland edge. The areas of acidic dune grassland on the course are of particular value as they comprise one of the finest examples of the habitat within Cumbria.
A series of very important ponds provide established breeding localities for the nationally rare natterjack toad and great crested newt. Gorse and scrub remain dominant even with continued management. Scrub remains a ongoing conservation management issue. Rank grass too around the margins of the pools has also been recognized as a threat to the conservation of the natterjack toads. Management is ongoing.
Scrub encroachment is a concern within the areas of dune heath. Over-stabilisation through scrub and the colonization of rank grass and other more competitive vegetation has reduced opportunities for the formation of new lichen-rich dune heath and the retention of that currently present.
The diversity of the site is increased by the number and diversity of habitats represented including the contribution of the localised mesotrophic grasslands and the neutral grasslands forming rough between the more intensively managed turf areas. Equally, the short-mown turf of the fairways and golf greens also contributes to the diversity of the site, providing ideal conditions for movement and feeding, particularly for natterjack toads and species of bird.

Consultation & Surveys

This golf facility consults the following organizations regarding landscape heritage conservation:

  • English Heritage
  • Natural England
  • sports turf research institute

The following landscape assessments and surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility:

Title Author Date View document
Architect Report Tom Mackenzie (Mackenzie and Ebert) 2015/10/08

This golf facility consults the following organizations regarding ecosystem protection and enhancement:

  • Natural England
  • Sports Turf Research Institute

The following ecological surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility:

Title Author Date View document
Ecological Management Plan Bob Taylor 2017/02/01

Rare, protected and notable species occurring at this golf facility:

Local name Scientific name
Natterjack Toad Epidalea calamita
Great Crested Newt Triturus cristatus

This golf facility regularly monitors the following species as indicators of environmental quality:

Local name Scientific name
Natterjack Toad Epidalea Calamita

Habitats & Designations

This golf facility features the following landscape designations:

Description Designating Authority
Site of Special Scientific Interest Natural England

Area of habitats / vegetation types, and associated designations at this golf facility:

Title Estimated Area (Hectares) Designation
Sand dunes 78 Self Appointed

Turfgrass

Size and estimated species composition of amenity turfgrass maintained at this golf facility.

Estimated Area (Hectares) Turfgrass Species Sward Composition (%)
Greens 1.0 Hectares Agrostis tenuis / capillaris 70%
Poa annua 30%
Tees 0.7 Hectares Agrostis tenuis / capillaris 50%
Poa annua 20%
Fairways 13.0 Hectares Festuca rubra 50%
Poa annua 50%
Semi Rough 1.0 Hectares Festuca rubra
Festuca ovina

These turfgrasses are optimal for the circumstances at this club because:
Silloth is a links course so the aim is to return back to fescue/bent dominated surfaces with poa annua. The greens suffered from serious drainage issues for many years as a result of applications of peat dressings during the 70's. Over recent years there has been an increase in bent grass on the greens and fescue on fairways. Tees are high wear areas and as such receive more fertiliser and as a result are dominated by bentgrass, poa and ryegrass.

This golf facility assesses mowing patterns every: Continuously months

This golf facility consults the following individuals / organizations regarding its grassing plan:

  • Tom Mackenzie
  • Bob Taylor
  • Alastair Beggs

This golf facility is making the following efforts to manage the playing quality expectations of customers:

Activity Description
Establishing clear internal policies for irrigation, fertilization, colour, cutting heights, overseeding etc The quality of the course is of paramount importance so we can attract members and visitors to a great golf course in a remote location. Value for money is the main objective. As Course Manager since 1991 policies are well established and respected. Changes are made only after careful consideration.
Promoting the playing quality values of more naturalized turf, particularly fairways and semi-rough The fairways and semi rough have witnessed a marked increase in fine fescues in recent years following applications of wetting agent and over-seeding with quality fescue seed. No irrigation means careful management is required to ensure they remain as drought resistant as possible.
Promoting the financial benefits of presenting sustainable surfaces With members subscriptions under £500 per year. Value for money is part of every decision made. Visitors continue to travel great distances to play the course. Members appreciate the relatively low subscriptions and communications with members attempts to reiterate this.
Improving customer understanding around greens maintenance Newsletters are the main communications in this area. We have held presentations in the clubhouse several times but very few and usually the same people turn up. Members are kept informed of reasoning behind any disruptive maintenance work through notice board, newsletter and more recently emails.
Demonstrating the direct relationship between environmental best practice and year round high quality playing surfaces Working with Natural England has shown that we are not in conflict with ecological needs. Golfers are generally interested in the playing quality alone. They want value for money golf and will appreciate environmental best practice through cheaper subscriptions and quality of presentation.

Conservation & Enhancement

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to conserve landscape character:

Activity Description
Allowing seasonal variation of course coloration and texture The course is not managed on colour. Minimal fertiliser aimed at allowing damage to repair itself without excessive growth is the aim.
Appropriately matching mowing lines to contours Away from greens and tees the mowing is along the lines of traditional links with no striping except to go down one side of the fairway and back up the other. Fairway edges match the contours of the hole rather than being a fixed width.
Protection and restoration of historic features There are three Roman forts buried on the course and management is restricted within 50 metres of these sites. English Heritage need to be consulted prior to any work carried out within the 50 metres
Discreet on-course signage and furniture Signage and furniture is kept to a minimum and in keeping with the environment where possible.
Conservation of specimen trees There are some pine trees around the clubhouse that many consider to be an important part of the external presentation of the clubhouse.
Screening and softening unsightly man-made features Gorse is retained to provide screening of the workshops and toilet block. Although not hiding the features it does serve to help. A long term objective would be to screen these further if possible.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to improve the landscape ecology of the golf course:

Activity Description
Minimizing the amount of amenity grass Roughs have never received regular mowing. As a result much of the rough is in need of management to remove invasive scrub and to re-generate heather. In recent years we have carried out some cut and collect, scarification work. Clippings are collected for all summer mowing operations in the rough.
Increasing the size of habitat patches The management plan requires that a mosaic of habitats is the aim. This has been achieved through many different operations over recent years.
Connection of internal habitat patches This is also part of the management plan. The aim is to provide short connections and corridors. Fairways tees and greens are an important part of this.
Connection of patches with external habitats It does occur naturally but external habitats have all but been destroyed due to change of use over the years. The golf course provides the most diverse and species rich habitats to be found for miles around.
Creation of habitat corridors This forms part of the management plan. Corridors for Natterjack movements have been provided.
Avoidance of habitat fragmentation Careful thought is given to joining habitats and consultation takes place between Natural England, STRI and The Amphibian and Reptile Conservation Trust.
Improving and diversifying habitat edges This occurs naturally as a result of the management works.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to improve the quality of habitats on the golf course:

Activity Description
Creation of botanically rich rough grassland Cutting and collection.
Scarification
Excavator clearance work
Ecologically informed management of scrub vegetation Management plan is reviewed and updated on a 5 year plan. This is produced by Bob Taylor (STRI) and agreed with Natural England, Amphibian and Conservation Trust and Silloth on Solway Golf club
Establishment of littoral shelves and marginal vegetation in wetland areas Not required. We have small to medium sized dune scrapes. There are only three of these that retain water for 12 months every year. The others dry out most years and these provide the most successful breeding ponds for the Natterjack toads.
Maintenance of an appropriate balance of open water and aquatic vegetation Natural dune scrapes and ponds are managed in line with the requirements of the management plan and in consultation with Natural England and the Amphibian and conservation trust.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to conserve and enhance biodiversity on the golf course:

Activity Description
Control / management of alien species Regular control of willow herb, ragwort as well as gorse and broom.
Provision of hibernation areas Natural provision
Creation of micro-habitats (eg log and stone piles) Some occur naturally

Water

Clubhouse - Mains water and mains sewage.
Irrigation - Supplied by a borehole that takes water from the sand and gravel bed at a depth of 25m This was installed in 2010. Prior to this, the system was mains water. The irrigation system is a greens and tees system with one trial area on the 4th fairway (fitted in mid 90's).
Workshops - The greenkeeper's workshops are supplied by mains water.With a septic tank for sewage.
Some land drainage from the course to the beach exists to control the water table during the winter months.

Sources & Consumption

No water audits have been undertaken at this golf facility.

The water used at this golf facility is drawn from the following sources:

2016 Source(s) % of supply Total Consumption
Maintenance Facility/Facilities Public / Potable 100% 486,000 Litres
Clubhouse(s) Public / Potable 100% 671,660 Litres
Golf Course Groundwater 100% 4,306,000 Litres
2015 Source(s) % of supply Total Consumption
Clubhouse(s) Public / Potable 100% 1,259,000 Litres
Golf Course Groundwater 100% 2,593,000 Litres
Maintenance Facility/Facilities Public / Potable 100% 720,000 Litres
2014 Source(s) % of supply Total Consumption
Clubhouse(s) Public / Potable 100% 1,419,000 Litres
Golf Course Groundwater 100% 3,500,000 Litres
Maintenance Facility/Facilities Public / Potable 100% 578,000 Litres

Irrigation & Efficiency

The following areas receive irrigation at this golf facility:

Greens Daily in season
Tees Daily in season

The irrigation system at this golf facility is:
Semi-automatic

The irrigation system at this golf facility is:

Serviced every 4 months

Upgraded every 1 years

Re-calibrated and checked for efficient application every 4 months

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to maximize irrigation efficiency:

Activity Description
Selection of grass species We are continually trying to increase bents and fescues through management practice and overseeding. We use high quality water management products to make efficient use of water.
Soil decompaction and thatch management All tasks are carried out only when required and not by prescription. Each season is different.
Greens are aerated regularly with various tines depending on the requirement at the time. Thatch is managed through careful application of nutrients, dressings, seaweed applications and verti-cutting.
Timing and dose of water application Irrigation applications are made when required and the weather and weather forecasts are considered prior to application. It is generally applied on a little and often basis to prevent dry patches developing that would require chemical control.
Analysis of soil moisture Currently only done by eye and when hole changing but currently looking at options available ie POGO, THETA KIT etc
Incorporation of evapotranspiration rates and weather data Average rates are used along with visual inspections and historical requirements.
Use of wetting agents Regular applications of Revolution to greens and ultraflo advance to tees and fairways. Localised problems are treat with penetrants.
Overall reduction in irrigated area Only irrigate when required and only greens and tees. Approaches are watered by hand during dry spells. We have double valved all greens ourselves to make more efficient use of water. New design will incorporate valve in head sprinklers.
Targeting of sprinkler heads Sprinkler heads are adjusted to apply water as evenly as possible to greens and tees.
Optimizing system pressure System remains pressurised. Changes were made in 2010 to change the system in to two rings and 2 zones. This has allowed greens to be double valved. 5th green is valve in head.
Adoption of cutting edge nozzle technology Sprinklers are replaced with newer models when they require replacement. Regular checks are made on spray quality and nozzle cleanliness.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to conserve / reduce / minimize water consumption:

Activity Description
Low-flow urinals and toilets In the gents toilets we have an infra red detector that monitors the number of people and flushes the urinals only when a certain number of people have been detected.
Use of water efficient appliances We have always tried to purchase newer/more efficient kitchen equipment where possible and update appliances regularly.
Use of efficient shower technology On the showers we have them fitted with push buttons so that people can't switch them on and leave them on.
Repairing leaks Leaks are repaired as soon as identified.

Energy

All of the energy used is supplied from the national grid.
The clubhouse is supplied by mains gas and mains electricity.
The greenkeepers workshops are supplied by mains electricity and propane gas is used for heating the main workshop.
Machinery is a combination of Diesel, Petrol and Electric but mainly diesel.
The gas usage is read in KWH not litres.
The renewable grid electric includes the clubhouse and green keepers workshop electric supply
The 2016 natural gas figure is in kwh whereas the other 2 years are in a different form

Sources & Consumption

The following energy surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility:

Title Author Date View document
Clubhouse energy audit Orchard Energy 2014/09/26

Consumption of renewable energy and resources at this golf facility:

2016 2015 2014
Biogas (Litres)
Biomass
First Generation Bio-Fuels (Litres)
Hydrogen (Litres)
On-site Hydro (kWh)
On-site Solar (kWh)
On-site Wind (kWh)
Renewable Grid Electricity (kWh)
Second Generation Bio-Fuels (Litres)
Wood from sustainable sources

Consumption of non-renewable energy and resources at this golf facility:

2016 2015 2014
Coal
Diesel (Litres) 10398 9029 8878
Heating Oil (Litres)
Hydraulic Oil (Litres) 135 135 135
LPG (Litres)
Natural Gas (Litres) 297872 10703 13417
Non-renewable Grid (kWh) 331938 343546 328389
Petrol (Litres) 960 1040 720
Propane / Butane (Litres) 180 180
Wood from unsustainable sources

Energy Efficiency

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to diversify energy and fuel supply:

Activity Description
Use of electric hybrid vehicles Use of electric golf buggies.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to reduce energy consumption:

Activity Description
Optimizing thermostat levels for heating and refrigeration We have had thermostatic controls installed on the radiators in the main lounge to prevent people making alterations to the temperature of the radiators. They are programmed to come on only when the temperature gets low.
Upgrading of building insulation The canteen in the workshops has been insulated.
Use of natural light (e.g. sunlight pipes) Workshops are fitted with skylights. The clubhouse has excellent natural light in most areas.
Installation of low-energy lighting Throughout the club halogen bulbs and strip lights have been replaced with LED bulbs and LED panels.
Use of motion sensor lighting We have installed motion sensors in both mens and ladies locker room and toilet areas and other parts of the clubhouse. We also have LUX sensors in the locker rooms so the lights only come on when the natural light is low.
Transition to energy efficient appliances In the last 4-5 years we have replaced nearly all of our kitchen appliances and these have been replaced with new models which are more energy efficient.
Use of timers with appliances, heating and lighting We use a timer on the main boiler and this controls the heating in the clubhouse. These are set to come on at certain times of the day rather than being on all day.
Heating in the greenkeepers workshops are on timers and thermostats.
Educating staff and customers Staff handbook states that lights should be switched off when not required.

Vehicles & Transport

The maintenance fleet at this golf facility uses the following fuel sources:

Ride-on Mowers Walking Mowers Utility Vehicles
Petrol 0% 100% 25%
Diesel 63% 0% 75%
LPG 0% 0% 0%
Grid Electric 0% 0% 0%
Micro Renewable 0% 0% 0%
Hybrid 38% 0% 0%
Hydrogen 0% 0% 0%

Additional vehicles operated by this golf facility use the following fuel sources:

Golf Carts Cars Buses
Petrol 0% 0%
Diesel 0% 0% 0%
LPG 0% 0% 0%
Grid Electric 100% 0% 0%
Micro Renewable 0% 0% 0%
Hybrid 0% 0% 0%
Hydrogen 0% 0% 0%

This golf facility has established the following schemes to encourage reductions in staff and customer transport emissions:

Activity Description
Secure cycle parking Cycle racks are available on the side of the clubhouse.
Some Green-staff cycle to work and cycles are secured in the workshops.
Increasing equipment storage (e.g. lockers) The greenstaff are supplied with lockers.
There are 329 lockers for members use and 62 lockers for guest/visitor use
Staff showers Staff can use the club showers and there is also a shower in the green-keepers workshops.

Supply Chain

Golf course - The golf course is managed with minimum inputs. Purchasing is aimed at using the best products for the job and many of the products used are specialist products for golf course maintenance are not available locally. Where possible we try to use local suppliers not least to reduce delivery costs. Top-dressing, seeds, fertilisers, chemicals and machinery servicing are the main course costs.
The caterers use local butchers, vegetable suppliers etc
In 2016 our fertiliser consumption was N - 2.88 grams per square metre and K - 3.95 grams per square metre. We only apply fertilisers to greens, aprons and some approaches.
Our chemical data is currently recorded per area applied, rather than by product type. The total weight of active ingredients used in 2016 was 45.16 kilograms, which includes all applications to the site.

Purchasing Policies

This golf facility undertakes the following ethical / environmental purchasing activities:

Activity Description
Measures to avoid waste at source On the golf course side very little goes to waste. Where possible items are bought in bulk and stored to cut down on extra haulage.
In the clubhouse the caterers use local suppliers and many of them deliver every day so this helps only order what they need.
Use of local suppliers Golf Course - Where possible we use local suppliers but products are not generally available locally and prices are generally cheaper from the main national suppliers.
Catering - products are sourced from local suppliers in Cumbria mainly and all meat can be traced back to local farms
Use of local products Golf Course - Most of the products are specialist materials that are not available locally
All of the main catering items are local and are sourced from within Cumbria, including meat, eggs, potatoes and vegetables.
Use of recycled and recyclable products Golf Course - We do not seek out recycled products but the industry is very good at producing natural products and recyclable products. We buy liquid fertilisers in bulk and get them pumped over where possible to cut down on plastic packaging materials.
Selection of products that feature minimal packaging Golf Course - As above we try to order and store products to cut down on delivery costs and to limit the amount of packaging required.
Items are ordered in larger quantities and this can cut down on packaging.

Supply Chain

An overview of the supplier network at this golf facility:

Total number of suppliers Total number of suppliers within 10 Kilometres Total number of suppliers within 100 Kilometres
Food & Beverage 2 2
Catering Supplies 7 3 4
Retail 17 2
Maintenance Equipment 3 2
Course Supplies 6 1

Turfgrass Inputs

This golf facility undertakes the following IPM activities:

Activity Description
Encouraging drought and disease tolerant grasses Greens - We are having success with introducing more bent and some success with fescues.
Fairways - We have been overseeding fairways annually with high quality fescues with great success. We using Rescue herbicide on tees and green surrounds to eradicate coarse grasses.
Managing stress and wear Lots of control work is done to control stress and wear on all areas such as regular and varied aeration. Fencing weak areas during autumn/winter.
Enhancement of soil structure Regular and varied aeration is carried out on all areas. Regular dressings are applied to greens, tees and surrounds. Wetting agents help to keep the soil structure open.
Optimization of the growing environment Organic soil amendments are used to improve soil biology. This is mainly through seaweed and modified slurry IE farmura porthcawl. Wetting agents are used on all playing areas to improve water availability.
Managing thatch levels Fertiliser applications are applied on a little and not so often basis. This allows growth control and therefore control of thatch production. Verti-cutting is carried out when required during the growing season. Regular aeration and dressings also help to dilute any accumulated organic matter.
Managing surface moisture Regular aeration includes sarell rolling, removal of morning dews and the use of high quality wetting agents.
Establishing thresholds for pests and disease Weeds are normally sprayed annually on fairways and tees but only following assessment and identification of the problem weeds. Disease control depends on the time of year, weather conditions and the time of year. Worms are minmised through fertiliser control and are treat only on greens and tees.
Scouting for pests and diseases All staff receive training on the identification of pests weed and diseases. Time of year is also an issue. Weeds in the autumn and we will plan to spray in spring. More prone to spraying outbreaks of disease in the autumn, very often use a preventative especially when overseeding in September.
Monitoring / improvement of plant health We employ the services of the Sports Turf Research Institute (Alistair Beggs) but our whole policy is based on maintaining and improving grass types on all areas. Currently we rely on staff assessments rather than scientific assessments because the staff are experienced.

Fertilizer use at this golf facility in the last three years (kg):

2016 2015 2014
Rough - K - Inorganic
Rough - K - Organic
Rough - N - Inorganic
Rough - N - Organic
Rough - P - Inorganic
Rough - P - Organic
Semi-Rough - K - Inorganic
Semi-Rough - K - Organic
Semi-Rough - N - Inorganic
Semi-Rough - N - Organic
Semi-Rough - P - Inorganic
Semi-Rough - P - Organic

Pesticide use at this golf facility in the last three years (kg):

2016 2015 2014
Fairways - Fungicide - Active Ingredient
Fairways - Fungicide - Total Weight
Fairways - Fungicide - Number of applications per year
Fairways - Herbicide - Number of applications per year 1 1
Fairways - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 1
Greens - Herbicide - Number of applications per year
Greens - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 1
Rough - Fungicide - Active Ingredient
Rough - Fungicide - Total Weight
Rough - Fungicide - Number of applications per year
Rough - Herbicide - Active Ingredient
Rough - Herbicide - Total Weight
Rough - Herbicide - Number of applications per year
Rough - Insecticide - Active Ingredient
Rough - Insecticide - Total Weight
Rough - Insecticide - Number of applications per year
Semi-Rough - Fungicide - Active Ingredient
Semi-Rough - Fungicide - Total Weight
Semi-Rough - Fungicide - Number of applications per year
Semi-Rough - Herbicide - Active Ingredient
Semi-Rough - Herbicide - Total Weight
Semi-Rough - Herbicide - Number of applications per year
Semi-Rough - Insecticide - Active Ingredient
Semi-Rough - Insecticide - Total Weight
Semi-Rough - Insecticide - Number of applications per year
Tees - Fungicide - Active Ingredient
Tees - Fungicide - Total Weight
Tees - Fungicide - Number of applications per year
Tees - Herbicide - Number of applications per year 1 1
Tees - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 1

This golf facility undertakes the following actions to optimize pesticide use:

Activity Description
Selection on the least toxic and lest persistent products Preference is given to products that are safer to use/less toxic. management is based on reducing requirement to apply chemicals.
Selection of appropriate products for specific pests and diseases General applications are avoided when possible. specific problems are targeted rather than blanket coverage.
Spot-treatment with handheld sprayers and wipers In the rough spot treatment of gorse takes place. For accuracy of application mounted boom sprayers are the preferred method.
Calibration and testing of sprayers The sprayer is only one year old. The sprayers require an mot every 5 years currently. The sprayer calibration is checked before every application
Use of shrouded sprayer and anti-drip nozzles Anti drip nozzles are always used. Covered boom sprayers have been demonstrated but are a problem on our severe undulating fairways.
Non-chemical weed control Weeds are removed from greens and surrounds by hand. Scarification and verti-cutting can damage broad leafed weeds in tees.
Use of organic and biological products to improve plant health and resistance. Farmura Porthcawl is used to encourage natural soil organisms. Farmura Porthcawl is homogenised, sterilised and odorised bovine extract and an advanced blend of organic ingredients including seaweed and iron. We are trialling the use of a propriety compost tea product on greens.

Waste Management

No waste audits have been undertaken at this golf facility.

This golf facility manages key waste streams as follows:

Re-use Recycle Landfill Incinerate
Glass false true false false
Plastic false false true false
Aluminium false false true false
Metal false true false false
Paper & Cardboard false true false false
Grass Clippings false true false false
Cores & Turf true true false false
Sand true false false false
Wood / Timber false false false true

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to continue the lifecycle of materials and resources:

Activity Description
Separation of recyclable materials We have introduced paper recycling at the club. This has reduced the amount of waste we send the landfill. We also have glass waste collections and these are separated into 3 different bins depending on glass colour. Kitchen oil is also recycled and collected by the company who sells it.
Establishment of recycling centers We have areas around the course to collect clippings and these are then moved to a central area where it is composted.
Returning clipping to fairways and walkways Clippings are removed from greens, tees, aprons and approaches and the rough. On fairways, green surrounds and approaches clippings are returned.
Education of staff and customer education All policies etc are communicated to the staff.

Pollution Control

Any inspection of the site shows the value the golf club has on the local environment. The minimal use of fertilisers and chemicals is important. The aeration programme and other management of fine turf areas centres around minimal inputs and the encouragement of the finer fescues and bents.
The clubhouse is on a mains sewerage system. The toilet block on the course and the toilets at the workshops have their own septic tanks that are emptied on an annual basis.
The machine wash down water is cleaned through a reed bed system.

Water Analysis

This golf facility monitors water quality with the following frequency:

Chemical Biological Visual
Inflow Never Never Never
On-Site Never Never Yearly
Outflow Never Never Never

Waste Water

Waste water from this golf facility is managed as follows:

Discharges to Formal Discharge Agreement
Golf Course Stormwater Drain No
Clubhouse Mains Sewer No
Maintenance Facility Reed Bed No
Wash Pad Reed Bed No

Hazardous Materials

Hazardous materials at this golf facility are handled and disposed of as follows:

Secure Storage Registered Uplift
Detergents true false
Cooking Oils true true
Lubricants true true
Pesticide Containers true true
Fertiliser Bags true false
Oil Filters true true
Batteries true true

Pollution Prevention

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to prevent pollution from its maintenance facility and clubhouse:

Activity Description
Storage of equipment and hazardous products on covered, sealed impervious areas All equipment is stored within storage sheds with concrete floors, oils are stored on sump pallets.
The chemicals storage shed has a sealed floor that acts as a large sump.
Maintenance of equipment on covered, sealed impervious areas Workshop floor is concrete and floor paint is used on main work area.
Mixing of pesticides and fertilizers in covered areas Dressings, rootzones etc are mixed in a large soil store building.
Mixing of pesticides and fertilizers over impervious surfaces We mainly use liquid and soluble fertilisers and they are mixed on the machine wash-pad.
Installation of above-ground fuel tanks Diesel tank is within the workshops but is currently a single skinned plastic tank.
Installation of sufficient secondary containment for fuel The fuel would leak in to the workshop at present and the leak could be contained within the workshop.
Provision of containment booms and absorbent materials Absorbent granules and organic materials are used.

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to prevent pollution on its golf course:

Activity Description
Eliminating leachate and run-off through careful timing of turf inputs Fertilisers are applied on a minimal basis to all areas. Slow release fertilisers are used on tees and surrounds. Greens receive regular minimal applications of Nitrogen and other nutrients based on soil analysis.
Establishment of vegetative buffer strips around water bodies These occur naturally.
Controlling erosion and sediment discharge Erosion is not a problem at the present time.
Establishment of pesticide-free zones Greens, tees, fairways and green surrounds are the only areas treated for weeds, pests and diseases. Only spot treatment of gorse and other scrub takes place away from these areas.

Community

Silloth on Solway Golf Club is a "Scottish" type links where the clubhouse is in the town itself. The club is important to the local economy attracting around 5000 visitors per year and many use the hotels, guest houses, caravan and camping sites. bars and local shops. The course is a SSSI and with public footpaths running through and around the site, it is an important recreational area particularly for dog walkers and joggers. The club provides work to the staff and also to local contractors who are used to maintain and improve the club's facilities. This is important with so few employment opportunities locally. Many club members are active members of the community.

Employment & Education

Typical staffing levels at this golf facility are:

Full Time Part Time Seasonal
Club Management 1 2
Course Management 6 1
Food & Beverage 4
Golf Coaching 1 1
Retail & Leisure 1
Other 1

The sustainability working group at this golf facility is comprised of:

  • Course Manager
  • Committee Members
  • Secretary

Employees at this golf facility receive the following formal and informal environmental education:

Activity Description
Storage, application and disposal of pesticides Three employees with NPTC PA1, PA2 and PA6.
Efficient water management Training is part of the NVQ, HNC and Degree. Many of the greenkeeping magazines feature water management articles. Regular discussions with company representatives on water management products and with irrigation companies on sytem design features. Attending seminars at BTME Harrogate.
Management of accidents and emergencies Two staff are qualified first aiders and others have received 1 day training and/or heart start training. Staff are aware of procedures for dealing with accidents and emergencies. The club provide guidance on dealing with emergencies.
Management of habitats and vegetation The club work closely with Natural England, Bob Taylor from Sports Turf Research Institute. Training is given as part of NVQ, HNC and degree. Magazine articles. BTME seminars.
Waste minimization, separation and recycling The policy is to minimise waste through good buying. At present the clubhouse separates the glass, cardboard and general waste. All course organic waste is recycled.
Health & Safety All staff receive basic health and safety training as part of the NVQ. The secretary is NEBOSH qualified and external companies are used to provide help and advice. At present this is Ellis Whittam.
Energy Saving Through the advice of the club electrician, magazine articles, machinery suppliers, energy suppliers and service engineers. Attendance at BTME seminars.
Understanding of landscape and cultural heritage Through greenkeeper education at all levels. Working with natural England and the STRI ecology unit. Working with the course architect. English Heritage. BTME seminars, local seminars and magazine articles.
Environmental management planning Through greenkeeper education at all levels. Working with natural England and the STRI ecology unit and with the amphibian and retile trust. Magazine articles, BTME seminars, local seminars.

Community Relations

This golf facility engages with local community groups in the following manner:

Activity Description
Neighbours The town newspaper to communicate matters of interest to the local people. Many of the members of the club are local people and will get regular updates through the club channels, email, social media, newsletters. Whilst not openly encouraged many locals use the course for dog walking, jogging etc
Local Government The local town council and the golf club have linked to promote the towns Britain in bloom entry. The golf club was a big part of this and the town achieved a silver award in the Britain in bloom 2016. The club won the small business section of cumbria in bloom 2016.
Local Environmental Groups Over the years we have allowed many groups access on to the site for studies of the environment including schools, bryophyte club etc
Local Community Groups The golf club is working on initiatives to attract local community groups to the golf club. The local scout and beaver group had a series of golf coaching which led to their group being offered a free trial junior membership which led to a number of new junior golfers.
Media The local media are very good at getting important announcements and details of accolades the golf club have received out to the general public. The golf club also uses social media and utilises national golfing press.
Local Businesses Local businesses have been targeted to try to create company memberships in recent years. We encourage local businesses to utilise the facilities of the golf club for xmas parties etc
Schools & Colleges The club's golf professionals run coaching schemes in local schools and colleges to promote golf and the golf club in general. Local school children have also been invited to coaching sessions at the golf club. The club are currently making good progress on encouraging student involvement.

Land Use & Cultural Heritage

This golf facility provides access and diversified land use for others through:

Activity Description
Maintenance of existing public paths It is a large site and there are good public footpaths around and through the site that the club maintain to a good level. Whilst not actively encouraged, people use the site for many recreational reasons.
Creation of new paths and nature trails The club have created paths away from play areas for safety reasons. The town council have introduced a nature trail that passes over the course on the public footpaths.
Installation of effective and welcoming signage The signage is probably not very welcoming but this is because of the need to protect the public from stray golf balls.
Providing opportunities for other recreation (e.g. fishing) We do have the need to allow rabbit shooting as part of the course maintenance.
Partnership conservation and access projects (e.g. community woodland) The club work with natural England and we have worked together in the past on projects with the herpetological and conservation trust and also with the environment agency.
Continuation of traditional agricultural activities One target for improvement would be to introduce grazing on the site but this is not in keeping with hiqh quality links courses and almost all golfers are against this. Golfers need to be educated before this can move forward.

No archaeological or heritage surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility.

This golf facility consults the following organizations regarding the conservation of cultural heritage:

  • English Heritage

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to conserve cultural heritage features:

Activity Description
Buildings (Listed Buildings / Ancient Monuments etc) There are three roman fort sites that are buried and we need to notify English heritage if we are carrying out work within 50 metres of the site.

Communications

This golf facility undertakes the following internal environmental communications:

Activity Description
Provision of newsletters, notice boards & poster display Notice boards are used. The club produce 2 newsletters per year. The Buzz is produced monthly in the town and provides a good medium for communication that is utilised when required.
Members evenings and course walks We have attmpted them in the past but have been poorly attended.
Course guides / brochures There is an ecological guide included within the club strokesaver. We sell around of these each year.
Interpretation panels & course signage Course signage is used to outline works taking place.
Establishment of a nature trail The local council have developed a trail that crosses the site.

This golf facility undertakes the following social and environmental advocacy activities:

Activity Description
Course walks / open days We have done these with members in the past and we had the local 41 club visit the workshops and a short course walk in May 2016.
Attending community meetings On occasion.
Joint practical projects with community Britain in bloom.