Club Golf D´Aro Mas Nou
Executive summary (English & local language)
Regarding nature and biodiversity the golf club is situated along a ridge situated 300 meters above sea level in the Gavarres Mountain range. This area forms part of the nature reserve Espai d’Interès Natural (or EIN) established in 1992. The area is composed of 100% granite bedrock. The golf club is surrounded by forests composed mainly of three kinds of trees: Holm oak (Quercus ilex), Cork oak (Quercus suber) and Stone Pine (Pinus pinea) which are also the three main species of trees in the rough of the golf course. The trees serve to blend well into the surroundings. Apart from these three species, there are olive trees in part of the golf course that remain from an agricultural past when Mas Nou was the farmer’s house. There are also few non-native species such as palms and Maritime Pines (Pinus pinaster). However, the bulk of trees are native species. Most bushes are also native. This golf club is promoting its biodiversity by installing several birdfeeders (5) and nest boxes (5). There are also few snags that provide roosting sites for raptors and other large birds. There are two lakes and the Lake 2 is surrounded by a belt of aquatic vegetation (reedbed and canes) that filters some nutrients and pollutants. This belt hosts few pairs of nesting little grebes (Tachybaptes rufficollis). Grebes are a protected and scarce species that clearly show the quality of the ecological water. However, Lake 1 lacks this belt of aquatic vegetation, and the golf course staff should consider improving this aspect. There is an old quarry that has partly become a water pond that could be managed in order to foster its biodiversity. The golf club should start carrying out an accurate inventory of its fauna and surroundings.
The whole golf course is irrigated with treated wastewater pumped from a Water Treatment Plant (EDAR of Castell-Platja d’Aro) and therefore drinkable water is not used for irrigation. This is definitely one of the main positive and highlighted features of the golf course management. This wastewater contains high levels of nutrients (N, P and K) and helps to reduce the amount of fertilizers needed. The source of drinkable water for the clubhouse and the maintenance house is water served by Aqualia S.A. that comes from Ter river basin. The wastewater is stored in several septic tanks and later treated in the Water Treatment Plant (EDAR of Castell-Platja D’Aro). The turf is composed of several species adapted to the microclimate to reduce water consumption. The irrigation system has been upgraded on six holes and there are still 12 with the old system which will be improved in the near future.
In regards to Energy the golf club has started to change the fleet of golf. They would like to employ a complete fleet of fully electric machines with solar assisted charging stations. This year they have purchased two electric carts. The rest of the carts use petrol as a source of energy. Regarding electric consumption it should be noted that LED lighting has been installed in the clubhouse and now represents about 30% of all clubhouse consumption. Currently, all sources of energy consumption diesel, petrol and non-renewable grid, are non-renewable, but the club is thinking about installing a wind turbine and introducing solar powered charging stations for electric carts in the near future. The natural ventilation is ideal thanks to its location atop a mountain ridge open to the north and maritime winds.
The fact that about 70% of suppliers are within a 30 km radius is very positive. Also part of the vegetables the restaurant uses come from a private vegetable garden. The club has recently replaced their cleaning products with a new ones ecologically certified. Cuttings, clippings and organic material from the course is redistributed as mulch. Regarding hazardous waste, the golf club has several authorised waste management companies to collect and treat biocides bins, fertilizers bags and engine oils. However, it would be advisable to extend the selective collection of pallets and tyres. Also improve the efficiency of selective collection of the clubhouse and install domestic waste (glass, paper, etc.) bins in the maintenance house.
In reference to Pollution Control as we mentioned before 100% of the golf course is irrigated with wastewater pumped from an urban Water Treatment Plant. This is an outstanding sustainable feature of this golf course. The irrigation wastewater contains high levels of nutrients (N, P and K) that helps to reduce the amount of fertilizers needed. The use of wastewater has a lot of legal requirements and constraints and that is why several parameters (nematodes, Escherichia coli, Legionella, etc.) have to be periodically analysed. Lake 2 has a belt of aquatic vegetation which helps to reduce the concentration of nutrients but Lake 1 lacks it. Wastewater (toilettes, kitchen, etc.) is stored in several septic tanks before being delivered to the Water Treatment Plant (EDAR of Castell- Platja D’Aro). All hazardous materials (biocides over all) are locked in a special cabinet. The maintenance house is covered and has a paved floor. The club also keeps a supply of absorbent materials in order to respond to any spills and it also has an emergency response plan for spills in the maintenance house. However, the club should consider making this area tidier and installing liquid retention structures around hazardous liquids tanks.
It is very positive that the golf course is active with the local community despite its location atop the ridge and far away from most surrounding towns. Local schools are periodically invited and they also offer spaces in the clubhouse to local groups for practicing yoga and taichi. Grounds are open to local birdwatchers. There are two megalithic monuments that have been preserved and signposted. The farmer’s hous (Mas Nou) has been restored and has become the clubhouse.
En termes de natura i de biodiversitat cal destacar que el Club Golf d’Aro es troba situat al capdamunt d’una carena del massís de les Gavarres, a 300 metres sobre el nivell del mar i, per això, gaudeix d’unes vistes panoràmiques fabuloses. Les Gavarres són un espai natural protegit (“Espai d’Interès Natural” o “EIN”) des del 1992. El camp de golf és envoltat totalment per bosc mediterrani (alzina, alzina surera i pi pinyer) i la majoria dels arbres i arbustos del “rough” del camp es corresponen a les espècies autòctones dels voltants. Per aquest motiu, el camp de golf es troba molt ben integrat al paisatge. També hi ha oliveres que revelen el passat agrícola del Mas d’Aro i algunes poques palmeres que hi desentonen. El camp de golf ha potenciat la biodiversitat amb la instal·lació de menjadores i caixes-niu per a ocells i, també, deixant drets alguns arbres morts. El Llac 2 té un cinyell de vegetació aquàtica al voltant que ajuda a filtrar nutrients contaminants i, alhora, potencia la fauna aquàtica (diverses parelles de cabussets –Tachybaptes rufficollis-, espècie rara a la zona, hi fan niu). El Llac 1 no té vegetació aquàtica, però. Hi ha una antiga pedrera que conté un estanyol petit i que ofereix una magnífica oportunitat de gestió d’hàbitat i esdevenir una acció interessant de foment de la biodiversitat del camp de golf. El golf hauria de començar a inventariar, pas a pas, la fauna del camp i rodalies.
Cal ressaltar que tot el camp de golf és irrigat amb aigua tractada en depuradora d’aigües residuals urbanes (EDAR de Castell-Platja d’Aro) i, per tant, ni una sola gota d’aigua potable s’utilitza per al seu reg, fet extremadament positiu i remarcable. Aquesta aigua depurada conté altes concentracions de nutrients (N, P i K) que permet reduir la quantitat de fertilitzants aplicats. L’aigua potable és servida per Aqualia SA i prové de la conca del Ter i l’efluent d’aigües grises és recollit en diverses fosses sèptiques i és tractat a l’EDAR de Castell-Platja d’Aro. La gespa és composta d’espècies adaptades al microclima i que ajuden a minimitzar el consum d’aigua. Han millorat el sistema de reg, fent-lo més eficient en 6 forats. En resten, però, 12 amb el sistema antic i que seran millorats en el futur.
A nivell energètic, el camp de golf comença a canviar la flota de “bugies” i ja n’han comprat dos d’elèctrics. Mica en mica, pretenen substituir els “bugies” actuals que funcionen amb combustible d’origen fòssil per d’altres elèctrics. La tecnologia d’il·luminació LED s’ha instal·lat ja a la Casa Club i ja representa el 30% del consum. Actualment, però, totes les fonts energètiques (dièsel, benzina, electricitat, etc.) són no renovables però pensen en instal·lar una turbina de vent i estacions de càrrega d’energia elèctrica-solar en un futur pròxim. La ventilació hi funciona molt bé per la seva localització a dalt d’una carena esventada i oberta als vents del nord i marítims.
Quant als proveïdors, que el 70% siguin de l’entorn, d’un radi inferior als 30 km, és molt positiu. A més, part dels productes servits al restaurant provenen de l’hort propi. També destaca positivament que els productes de neteja tinguin la certificació ecològica i que les restes de la poda i de la sega siguin redistribuïdes pel camp de golf i, d’aquesta forma, minimitzen els residus orgànics d’origen vegetal. A nivell de residus perillosos el camp de golf disposa de gestors autoritzats per als envasos de biocides, bosses de fertilitzants i olis industrials. Tanmateix, convindria estendre la recollida selectiva als palets i pneumàtics i millorar l’eficiència de la recollida selectiva a la Casa Club i instal·lar contenidors de brossa domèstica (paper, vidre, etc.) al Taller de Manteniment.
Pel que fa al control de la contaminació destaca, com s’ha dit, de forma molt positiva, que el 100% de l’aigua emprada per regar el camp provingui d’una depuradora d’aigües residuals urbanes. L’elevada concentració de nutrients (N, P i K) ajuda a la reducció de la quantitat de fertilitzants. La utilització d’aigua d’efluent de depuradora incrementa, però, els requeriments legals envers els paràmetres a ser periòdicament analitzats (nematodes, Legionella, etc.). La vegetació aquàtica perimetral del Llac 2 ajuda a filtrar l’excés de nutrients però, per ara, aquesta vegetació manca al Llac 1. L’aigua residual generada al camp (lavabos, cuina, etc.) és derivada a diverses fosses sèptiques abans de ser, recollides i tractades a l’EDAR de Castell-Platja d’Aro. Tots els materials més contaminants (biocides sobretot) són guardats dins d’una sala i un armari tancats amb clau. El club té un Programa d’Actuació per a fugues accidentals de substàncies perilloses. El Taller de Manteniment té el terra pavimentat i bona part és a sotacobert. En un futur pròxim seria convenient disposar de cubetes perimetrals de retenció de líquids potencialment contaminants.
Cal valorar molt positivament que el camp de golf sigui molt actiu amb la comunitat local malgrat la seva localització allunyada dels principals nuclis urbans. Les escoles hi són convidades i hi ha grups de tai-txi i ioga que hi fan activitats. El camp és obert també als ornitòlegs locals. El camp de golf ha preservat i senyalitzat els monuments megalítics que s’hi trobaven i ha restaurat el Mas Nou convertint-lo en la Casa Club.
The golf club is situated along a ridge at 300 m above the sea level in the “Gavarres” mountain range. This area forms part of a nature reserve (“Espai d’Interès Natural” or “EIN”) declared in 1992. Bedrock is 100% granite. The golf club is surrounded by Mediterranean forests that are mainly composed by three species of trees: Holm oak (Quercus ilex), Cork oak (Quercus suber) and Stone Pine (Pinus pinea) which are the main tree species of the golf course. It obviously fosters the landscape integration to the surroundings. Apart from these three species there are olive trees that reveal the agricultural past (Mas Nou was the farmer’s house) of part of the golf course surface. There are also few non-native trees such as palms and maritime pines (Pinus pinaster). However, the bulk of trees are native species. Most bushes are native alike. This golf club is fostering its biodiversity by installing several birdfeeders (5) and nest boxes (5). There are also few snags that provide roosting sites to raptors and to other large birds. There are two lakes and Lake 2 is surrounded by a belt of aquatic vegetation (reedbed and canes). This belt hosts few pairs of nesting little grebes (Tachybaptes rufficollis) a protected and scarce species that clearly reveals the ecological water quality. However, Lake 1 lacks this belt of aquatic vegetation and the golf course staff should consider improving on this aspect. The abundant population of wild boars in the nearby forests might damage the turf and that is why they have installed electrical fences around a sector of the perimeter of the golf course. A former quarry has a modest water pond with aquatic vegetation. This provides a great opportunity to boost the biodiversity of this golf course and it should be taken into account by the staff.
This golf facility does not consult any organizations regarding ecological conservation. Therefore, it lacks formal biodiversity surveys. The golf club should commission these surveys in the forthcoming future.
The golf facility has no landscape designations but it is located in the heart of a protected area (“Espai Natural de les Gavarres”). Native woodland is dominant and reaches 2 Hectares while the entire rough reaches 15 Hectares.
The current turgrasses were chosen based on their low consumption of water and their suitability to local Mediterranean climate as well as their hardiness, thus reducing the use of pesticides. These species are Poa annua and Agrostis stolonifera/palustris in Greens, Poa annua and Festuca ovina in Tees, Poa annua and Festuca arundinacea in Fairways and Poa annua and Festuca rubra in Semi Rough. They have a consulting company on turf issues. The golf course leaves the colour to change with the season and they only lightly seed greens during the summer.
The golf course woodland is mainly composed of native species of trees, fully integrated to the nature reserve. Besides, there are woodland patches with the natural forests stratums (trees, high bushes, low bushes, grassland and vines). They have restored the farmhouse (“Mas Nou”) which is the current clubhouse. They have also protected and signposted two megalithic monuments (one dolmen and one standing stone). They have also restored several “murs de pedra seca” (“dry stone’s walls”) all around the facility. They are considering to reduce the irrigation area in order to save resources (water, fertilizers, etc.) while fostering the biodiversity. Nest boxes, bird feeders, snags and a lake with aquatic belt are other green infrastructures that boost the biodiversity of this stunning course.
The whole course is irrigated with pumped grey water from the Water Treatment Plant (EDAR de Castell-Platja d’Aro). This is an outstanding sustainable feature of this facility. Thus, no drinkable water irrigates fairways, tees, greens or semi-rough. Besides, during low season -November to March- the course avoids or minimizes irrigation while in high season –April to October- is daily watered. The irrigation with grey water –that contains high levels of N, P and K- helps to reduce the fertilizers amount. On the other hand, both clubhouse and maintenance house gets the drinkable water from Ter river basin via Aqualia SA. Grey water produced in the club (toilettes, showers, and kitchen of the clubhouse and toilettes in the maintenance house and on course) is stored in several septic tanks and finally treated in the above-mentioned Water Treatment Plant.
Turf is composed of arid species to reduce water consumption. They have upgraded the irrigation system on six holes and one of the goals is developing a more efficient system than the existing one in the other twelve holes. The club should improve and extend a more efficient irrigation system all around the entire course.
The main golf course water consumption is related to the irrigation system and in this club; it all comes from a Water Treatment Plant (EDAR de Castell-Platja d’Aro). Annual water consumption ranges 212.078-270.014 m3.
The source of drinkable water of the clubhouse and the maintenance house is water served by Aqualia SA that comes from Ter river basin. The annual water consumption ranges 2.063-2.695 m3, which is about 10% of the water needed to irrigate the entire course.
They are trialling Cynodon dactylon on two holes with good results. Once the trial is completed and reviewed, they may change turfgrass on other holes.
Greens are spike aerated twice a year.
The timing for water application is late evening or night in order to avoid loss due to evaporation while facilitate players’ access to the course. They avoid using wetting agents.
Water awareness signs are displayed in staff and customer facilities and kitchen.
They are trying to map those areas where extra irrigation is not necessary.
Selection of arid turf species.
Upgrading the irrigation system.
Water application is during evening and/or night.
All taps and urinals in public and staff washrooms have automatic stop systems and all toilets are fitted with dual flush buttons.
They use aerators on all taps to ensure further reduction.
They want to upgrade the showers by installing eco-showers heads in all facilities in the near future.
The golf club aims to change the fleet of buggies. They would like to complete a fleet of fully electric machines with solar assisted charging stations. That is why this year they have purchased two electric carts. The rest of buggies use petrol as a source of energy. Regarding electric consumption it should be highlighted that LED lighting has been installed in the clubhouse and, nowadays, it represents about 30% of all clubhouse lighting. Currently, all sources of energy consumption (diesel, petrol and non-renewable grid) are non-renewable but they are thinking about installing a wind turbine and introducing solar powered charging stations for electric buggies in the near future. Natural ventilation is ideal thanks to its location –atop a mountain ridge that overlooks the sea-.
Diesel is the source of both the heating system and ride-on mowers. This tank is located in the car park adjoining the clubhouse. According to the provided data, they have been able to reduce about 42% of consumption (from 19.199 litres down to 11.073). Petrol, however, is the source of most golf buggies -100% of them until the purchase of two electric ones- and it has occurred a reduction of 40% of its consumption (from 9.520 litres down to 5.815). On the other hand, the electricity consumption has increased about 20% (from 549.633 kWh up to 656.262). The club should consider introducing a renewable source of energy in the near future. An energy audit or survey could be advisable too.
The golf club has purchased two electric golf buggies and is planning to extent it to the entire fleet. Therefore, the golf club is planning to introduce solar powered charging stations for electric buggies in the near future. Besides, the staff is investigating the installation of small wind turbines –the location is extremely windy and open to the north severe wind called “tramuntana”-. Local municipality could subside part of the investment.
Installing LED lighting in the Clubhouse.
Purchase of two electric buggies.
Installing motion sensor controlled lights in the bathroom.
Passive solar lighting in on course bathrooms.
Fostering natural ventilation while minimizing AC consumption.
Upgrading of building insulation in some areas of the Clubhouse.
Programmable timer controls the heating system.
About 70% of suppliers of the restaurant are from within a 30 km radius. Part of the restaurant vegetables comes from a private garden. They have recently replaced cleaning product providers by a new one, ecologically certified. Cuttings, clippings and organic material from the course is redistributed as mulch to minimize the amount of waste and to avoid any further transport and energy consumption. The golf club has contracted accredited waste managers for most of the hazardous waste such as fertilizers bags, biocides containers and engine oils. However, it would be advisable to carry out a waste audit in the forthcoming years as well as install domestic waste (glass, paper, etc.) bins in the Maintenance House. Besides, it would also be advisable to set an environmental purchasing policy.
The golf club tries to use local suppliers. About 70% of the restaurant suppliers are from the area. The restaurant offers a typical menu (local wine, seafood, vegetables and meat) from the area, taking advantage of the high quality food and wine from that county. Most restaurant products are delivered fresh, from within a 10-15 km radius. Providers of cleaning products deliver only ecological ones.
Suppliers of Catering, Retail, Trade and contractors and maintenance equipment come from within a 100 km radius. On the other hand, only two of seven course suppliers come from within 100 km radius. Most of the food and beverage suppliers (35) come from within a 100 km radius but there are fifteen suppliers that come from further distances.
The golf club is trialling Cynodon dactylon on two holes regarding water consumption and tolerance to the local climate and soil conditions. There are daily inspections on the entire course to ensure there is no appearance of anything harmful to the playing grounds. Fertilizer amount is about 600 kg per year while pesticide is about 330 kg per year. They try to select the lowest impact or the most ecological pesticides to minimize their impact on the environment. Each pest or disease is treated on an individual basis. Weed control in many cases is manually done, as a way to avoid spraying. Clippings and cuttings are used as a mulch and reused on site. On the other hand, the club could should consider creating an IPM system in the forthcoming years
The golf club reuses grass clippings, turf, sand and wood and timber. All clippings are redistributed around the course. The clubhouse and restaurant have a cluster of recycling bins to separately collect organic material, glass, cardboard, plastic bottles, cans (both aluminium and iron ones). However, they should improve the efficiency of the collection of these materials (for instance: the organic material bin is too small for a restaurant). They have waste managers for hazardous waste such as biocide and fertilizers (Agrosalvi SL) and engine oils (Cator SA) but not yet for tyres or pallets. Besides, the club should think about installing domestic waste (glass, cardboard, organic material, etc.) bins for the Maintenance House workers. In all, it would also be advisable to carry out a waste audit in order to calculate the weight and volumes of all waste stream products.
Grey water from a Water Treatment Plant (EDAR de Castell-Platja d’Aro) is used for all irrigation. This water contains high level of nutrients and it helps to reduce the amount of fertilizers. The use of grey water has a lot of legal requirements and constraints and that is why several parameters (nematodes, Escherichia coli, Legionella, etc.) have to be periodically analysed. Lake 2 has a belt of aquatic vegetation, which helps to reduce the concentration of nutrients but, on the other hand, Lake 1 lacks it. Wastewater is stored in several septic tanks before being delivered to the above-mentioned Water Treatment Plant.
All hazardous materials (pesticide containers, fertiliser bags, engine oils, etc.) have a secure storage. Besides, most hazardous materials are locked in a special cabinet. The maintenance house is covered and has a paved ground. However, the club should consider to make this area tidier and to install liquid retention structures around hazardous liquids tanks.
The club has an emergency response plan for spills in the maintenance house or on course.
The golf facility monitors water quality every month (inflow, on-site, outflow). Irrigation water has more constraints because it comes from a Water Treatment Plant (EDAR Castell-Platja d’Aro). Analysis of irrigation water include parameters such as pH, temperature, Na, K, Mg, Ca, Cl, NO3, SO4, H2CO3 and ammonium. Besides, there are thresholds for parameters such as number of eggs of nematodes –twice a month-, Escherichia coli (bacteria) –twice a week-, suspended solids (SS) –weekly-, turbidity –twice a week-, Legionella, electric conductivity and Nitrogen. Analysis are delivered to the Catalan Agency of Water (ACA), the public body that manages the entire water cycle in Catalonia.
Several septic tanks (maintenance house, clubhouse and two on course toilettes) store the wastewater until is delivered and treated in the Waste Water Treatment Plant (EDAR de Castell-Platja d’Aro).
All hazardous materials (pesticide containers, fertiliser bags, engine oils, etc.) have a secure storage. Besides, pesticides and other hazardous materials are stored and locked in a specially designed cabinet to ensure protection. However, the club should consider to make this area tidier and to install liquid retention structures around hazardous liquids tanks.
The maintenance house is covered and has a paved ground. There are special bins for hazardous materials (fertilizers bags, biocides containers, etc.) but lacks for domestic waste (glass, cardboard, metal cans, etc.). The most hazardous materials are locked in a special cabinet. They also keep a supply of absorbent materials in order to respond to any spills. The club has an emergency response plan for spills in the maintenance house.
The use of grey water –with a high concentration of nutrients- minimizes the amount of fertilizers. Lake 2 has a belt of aquatic vegetation, which helps to reduce the concentration of nutrients. On the other hand, Lake 1 lacks this belt of aquatic vegetation and, therefore, the club should consider creating it either in all around the lake or just in a sector of the perimeter. They use mulch layers to offset any erosion. They try to keep the use of pesticide on the course to a bare minimum. The club has an emergency response plan for spills on course. Employees are periodically trained on best environmental practices.
The golf club is active with the local community despite its location, atop the ridge and far away from most towns. Local schools are periodically invited to the course to learn about the history and main features (cultural heritage, flora and fauna, etc.) of the golf club. Nowadays they have tai chi and yoga groups and golf grounds are open to a nature group (birdwatchers) of Castell d’Aro municipality.
There are 22 full time workers (7 in club management, 10 in course management, 3 in food and beverage and 2 in retail and leisure) and 3 part time golf-coaching workers.
The general manager, the course manager and the technical specialist compose this group. All staff that work with hazardous materials must first complete and official training course (handling, storage and disposal instructions). There are two recycling centres: one is in the clubhouse (glass, cardboard, organic waste, etc.) and another one in the maintenance house (mainly hazardous waste containers). However, the club should consider improving in the efficiency of the waste recycling rates and in providing domestic waste bins to the maintenance house. Most of the workers are from the area and that is why local holidays are marked in the working calendar. They are evaluating of an on-site wind turbine.
Recently, the golf course have made a great agreement with the local council to provide employment to people on the unemployment register. The golf club organises family days for employees to bring their families to the club and to socialize amongst themselves. They also offer spaces in the clubhouse to local groups for practicing yoga and tai chi and grounds are open to local birdwatchers. When possible, the golf club opts to work with local suppliers.
There is a large network of hiking trails in the area. There are two megalithic monuments: one dolmen (“cista”) and one standing stone. Both are included in the catalogue of the Archaeological Services of the Government of Catalonia. Besides, the clubhouse was a former farmhouse constructed in 1870. It was fully reconstructed and restored in 1990.
There are notifications or community events in the clubhouse reception either on posters or on the noticeboard. There are open days with members to discuss the goals of the club. The golf club publishes a brochure every year.
Apart from the main website, there are updated blogs and online profiles with information about actions undertaken by the golf club. Social network includes Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Youtube, Pinterest and Newsletters.
In conclusion, the outstanding Golf Club D’Aro Mas Nou is surrounded by forests of dominant native species of trees which are the main ones all around the grounds. Besides, its irrigation is done 100 % with wastewater and it tries to use local suppliers -about 70% of them are within a 30 km. radius-. Nevertheless, the golf club can make some improvements in contributing gradually to the reduction of its environmental impact in the area now and in the future.
En resum, el camp de golf està excel·lint en alguns temes (arbres autòctons hegemònics, reg al 100% amb aigua depurada, proveïdors locals, etc.) però té camí per recórrer i millorar, any rere any, la seva contribució al medi ambient i, de retop, a la reducció del corresponent impacte ambiental associat a qualsevol mena d’activitat humana.
100% treated wastewater used for irrigation
Protection of cultural and historic site features, including the clubhouse which is a renovated traditional farmhouse
2 electric carts purchased and plans to convert entire fleet