Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Club

GEO Certified® 09/2015
Lytham St Annes,
England, United Kingdom
Telephone: +44 1253 724 206
Rlsa

• Royal Lytham & St Annes is recognised throughout the World as one of just 10 Open Championship venues and it is every bit a coastal links golf course even though it sits some 1 km or so from the coast line. The towns of Lytham and St Annes have over the years enveloped and totally encircled the golf course which now sits as a green oasis within the urban landscape. The links is characterised by its undulating duneland nature and by the extent of marram and marram with red fescue and the gradations in vegetation through to the prominent…

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GEO Certified® Report

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Click below to read about the activities undertaken by this golf facility to operate sustainably.

Facility details

Golf Courses
Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Course (18 holes, 7118 yards, year opened 1897)
Royal Lytham and St Annes Golf Club (9 holes, 4000 yards, year opened 1897)
Royal Lytham and St Annes Golf Club. Putting green, driving range, short game practice pitching area, turf nursery X 3 ( holes)
1 Clubhouse(s)
2 Maintenance Facility/Facilities
1 Pro Shop
1 Halfway House(s)
1 Other
1 Other
2 Other
1 Other

Nature

The course nestles ½ a mile from the sea within the coastal town of Lytham and St Annes. The typical iconic picturesque sea views afforded by most Open Championship courses have long since disappeared from view at Lytham and St Anne’s, to be replaced over the decades largely by Victorian red brick, mortar and a railway.
It is not what some would consider as a classical links course with vast defining sand dunes rolling fairways and typical sea views, but it is still visually attractive with character. Its setting is somewhat unusual, quirky with a real charm all of its own.
Whilst Royal Lytham and St Annes does not have any statutory wildlife protection designations, the club is very aware of the environmental significance of its property, which is designated as a Lancashire Biological Heritage Site. The particular importance of the land is that it is one of the very few areas of inland duneland which has survived in the area, virtually all of the other areas having been lost to housing. It therefore forms an important ecological oasis within a highly developed area.
The Biological Heritage Site status of the site supports a mosaic of species rich dune grassland, heath and scrub.
The terrain is varied but generally level in elevation terms. The course occupies a relatively small footprint, with some bottle necks which tends to dictate heavy concentrated traffic routes. The exhibits very fine loamy soil and high water table especially through the winter.
Royal Lytham is a superb example of fixed dune grassland and natural dune scrub ecosystem supporting a range of semi natural acid and calcareous unimproved grassland and gorse and broom habitat types.The key feature is the dune heath, represented by acid loving flora / grasses like sheeps fescue, mat grass, harebell and and the unmistakeable heather. This is a rare habitat which was once much more common, but which has been largely lost and fragmented.
The course is also home to pockets of fragmented woodland.

Consultation & Surveys

This golf facility consults the following organizations regarding landscape heritage conservation:

  • Lancashire County Council.
  • The Forestry Commission
  • The Sports Turf Research Institute
  • Lancashire Wilflife Trust

The following landscape assessments and surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility:

Title Author Date View document
Impact Assessment of Proposed Increase in Groundwater Abstraction for Irrigation Halcrow Crouch 1999/04/01
RLSAGC Soils and Drainage Status of The Golf Course Turf Trax 2004/02/20
RLSAGC Bunker Visualisations Martin Ebert 2013/10/01
RLSAGC Bunker Report 2011 Martin Ebert 2011/03/01
RLSAGC Bunker Report 2012 Martin Ebert 2012/02/01
RLSAGC 10th Hole Report Martin Ebert 2014/01/01
RLSAGC 9th Hole Report Martin Ebert 2014/10/01
RLSAGC Post Open Future Proposals Martin Ebert 2012/09/03
RLSAGC May 2014 Visit Martin Ebert 2014/05/01

This golf facility consults the following organizations regarding ecosystem protection and enhancement:

  • The Sports Turf Research Institute

The following ecological surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility:

Title Author Date View document
Ecological Monitoring Appraisal 2001 Bob Taylor STRI 2001/05/18
Ecological Monitoring Appraisal 2002 Bob Taylor STRI 2002/09/10
Ecological Monitoring Appraisal 2003 Bob Taylor STRI 2003/08/18
Ecological Monitoring Appraisal 2005 Bob Taylor STRI 2005/09/13
Ecological Monitoring Appraisal 2006 Bob Taylor STRI 2006/09/08
Ecological Monitoring Appraisal 2007 Bob Taylor STRI 2007/08/22
Ecological Monitoring Appraisal 2008 Bob Taylor STRI 2008/08/18
Ecological Monitoring Appraisal 2009 Bob Taylor STRI 2009/08/24
Ecological Monitoring Appraisal 2010 Bob Taylor STRI 2010/05/19
Ecological Monitoring Appraisal 2011 Bob Taylor STRI 2011/09/12
Ecological Monitoring Appraisal 2012 Bob Taylor STRI 2012/03/20
Ecological Monitoring Appraisal 2013 Bob Taylor STRI 2013/05/17
Ecological Monitoring Appraisal 2014 Bob Taylor STRI 2014/08/18
Great Created Newt Survey: Pond left of the 6th Green Bob Taylor STRI 2010/06/10
Bat Survey of Selected Areas of the Golf Course Richard Stuttard STRI 2008/06/17
Woodland and Conservation Stratergy Plan Eamonn Wall & Co John Nicholson 1998/01/18
Nature Conservation Management Plan Pat Waring 2000/05/01
RLSAGC A guide to the environmental management of the links Bob Taylor STRI 2012/07/15
A management survey of the root feeding pests in grassland ar RLSAGC Alan Reeves 2001/04/27
BHS Site assessment and management recommendationsfor RLSAGC Lancashire Couty Coucil Ecologist Sarah Gorman 2011/02/07

Rare, protected and notable species occurring at this golf facility:

Local name Scientific name
Fine leaved sheeps fescue Festuca filiformis is a provisional Lancashire red data list of vascular plants
Slender Parsley - piert Aphanes inexspectata Lippert is a provisional Lancashire red data list of vascular plants
Sand Cats Tail Phleum arenarium is a provisional Lancashire red data list of vascular plants
Linnet Carduelis cannabina is a red data species noted
Stonechat Saxicola torquata is an amber data species

This golf facility regularly monitors the following species as indicators of environmental quality:

Local name Scientific name
Species rich short turf situated on the sides of a numner of dunes, mainly the eastern and western thirds of the course. Sheeps fescue. Sand sedge. Creeping Willow. Marram Grass. Created Hairy Grass. Heath Grass. Ladys Bedstraw. Hawkweed. Dewbury. Harebell. Wild Thyme. Common Birdsfoot trefoil and Bulbous buttercup

Habitats & Designations

This golf facility features the following landscape designations:

Description Designating Authority
BHS Biological Hertiage Site Environment Directorate Lancashire County Council in assiciation with Lancashire Wildlife Trust

Area of habitats / vegetation types, and associated designations at this golf facility:

Title Estimated Area (Hectares) Designation
Heather and other dwarf shrub communities .5 Local Government
Sand dunes 10 Local Government

Turfgrass

Size and estimated species composition of amenity turfgrass maintained at this golf facility.

Estimated Area (Hectares) Turfgrass Species Sward Composition (%)
Greens 1.452 Hectares Agrostis tenuis / capillaris 70%
Festuca rubra 30%
Tees 1.262 Hectares Agrostis tenuis / capillaris 70%
Festuca rubra 30%
Fairways 21.9 Hectares Festuca rubra 60%
Agrostis tenuis / capillaris 40%
Semi Rough 4.0 Hectares Festuca rubra 70%
Agrostis tenuis / capillaris 30%

These turfgrasses are optimal for the circumstances at this club because:
RLSAGCC takes in the region of 25,000 rounds of golf each year, providing golfers with good quality surfaces for a full 12 months. The Club is committed to on going sward improvement programme to increase the proportion of indigenous links grasses, notably fine leaved fescues and browntop bents. These species require the least inputs of water, pesticides and fertiliser of all the grassed that could be used on the playing areas of the golf course and are ideally suited to the climatic extremes of wind, flooding and drought that are associated with coastal environments

This golf facility assesses mowing patterns every: Daily greens, weekly tees and fairways and monthly all others. years

This golf facility consults the following individuals / organizations regarding its grassing plan:

  • The Sports Turf Research Institute
  • Mackenzie and Ebert Golf Course Architects

This golf facility is making the following efforts to manage the playing quality expectations of customers:

Activity Description
Establishing clear internal policies for irrigation, fertilization, colour, cutting heights, overseeding etc To administer minimal inputs of nutrients, chemicals and water to maintain sufficient plant health, growth and development with no real emphasis on turfgrass colour. Water is an extremely important resource and its use is strictly controlled, and only used to keep the grass plant alive whilst maintaining turfgrass quality.
Fertiliser is used sparingly to maintain adequate plant health, growth and development. Heights of cut are set to ensure minimal turfgrass stress, depending on the time of year, prevailing weather conditions and required turf quality target range.
Promoting the playing quality values of more naturalized turf, particularly fairways and semi-rough These areas are managed to promote the dominance of the indigenous finer grass species. Management policy centres around minimal fertilisation, the use of water management products to reduce the need automatically irrigating fairways, overseeding with fescue based seed mixes, the cultural and chemical control of
coarse grass species and the removal of clippings to reduce enrichment.
Promoting the financial benefits of presenting sustainable surfaces Presenting sustainable natural surfaces is a real course management challenge. In doing so we can ensure that the course is managed as sympathetically alongside nature, thereby reducing our overall carbon footprint and helping to keep a tight control any unnecessary expenditure. This approach protects the long term natural integrity of the course and ensures that only the minimum maintenance inputs are adhered to, to deliver sustainable turf quality.
Improving customer understanding around greens maintenance We aim to deliver sustainable turf quality all year round. The routine maintenance programme is carefully implemented to maximise turf quality whilst ensuring as little disruption to golf as practically possible. Cultural practices are often routine but can be prescriptive to deal with a specific problem, the programme ensures continuity in playing quality.
Demonstrating the direct relationship between environmental best practice and year round high quality playing surfaces We recognise the importance and impact that our policy's and practices have on the environment and year round playing quality. In particularly we ensure minimal inputs of water and fertiliser to prevent the development of soft and disease prone surfaces that will have a negative impact on desirable grass species composition and ultimately turf quality and ball behaviour.

Conservation & Enhancement

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to conserve landscape character:

Activity Description
Allowing seasonal variation of course coloration and texture Through the seasons the colour and the texture of the course changes. generally the colour of the course is a reflection of the weather. However, as we know this can depend on the time of year. The course remains green and dormant throughout the winter but then can take on a cold bleached appearance for a period in early spring due to the north east winds. During a prolonged dry spell in the summer the course can turn straw coloured. The finer grass species that predominate add structure, texture and colour interest especially when the grass plant is in flower.
Appropriately matching mowing lines to contours Royal Lytham and St Annes is not what some would consider as a classical links course with vast defining sand dunes rolling fairways and typical sea views.The terrain is varied but generally level in elevation terms. The course occupies a relatively small footprint and in its original form had 385 bunkers. The 205 bunkers that exist remain a strong feature on the links landscape enhanced by the low dune systems, the contours of which both influences the mowing lines.
Protection and restoration of historic features The course at Royal Lytham and St. Annes is a fine example of nature and golf working in harmony together. Listed as a Biological Heritage Site by Lancashire County Council, its dune grassland and rare ecosystem preserve the ancient past of the site, now surrounded by red-brick Victorian houses, a school, hospital and a railway.
Discreet on-course signage and furniture Royal Lytham and St Annes remain proud of their heritage. Careful consideration is made to ensuring that the selection of course furniture remains in keeping with its period. Signage and information is kept to a minimum and remains discreet. The use of mow over tee marker plates in tandem with the Clubs iconic tee boxes combines character and style.
Conservation of specimen trees One of the unfortunate consequences of tree development on the links has been the negative impact it has had on encouraging rank grass growth. Leaf litter enriches the ground and smoothers the indigenous finer grasses as well as any flowering plants within the rough. Management aims are set out to encourage good, sparse and flower rich dune grassland on the course which was present along the coastline over a hundred years ago.
Screening and softening unsightly man-made features The course nestles ½ a mile from the sea within the coastal town of Lytham and
St Annes. The typical iconic picturesque sea views afforded by most Open Championship courses, have long since disappeared from view at Lytham and St Anne’s, to be replaced over the decades largely by Victorian red brick and mortar a school, a hospital and a railway. The boundaries is screened by indigenous trees and scrub. Many internal course structures have been softened by gorse planting.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to improve the landscape ecology of the golf course:

Activity Description
Minimizing the amount of amenity grass The course is managed in a semi natural state and great effort is made to ensure that the overall footprint of amenity grass is kept to a minimum. The club acknowledges the negative impact on the environment and organisations finances that maintaining large expanses of amenity grassland can have. Actual areas of amenity fine turf are tightly controlled and monitored to ensure that these areas are not expanded upon. The use and promotion of indigenous fine grasses ensures minimum maintenance inputs.
Increasing the size of habitat patches The grasslands and heather stands are well managed, strengthened by a major programme to remove extensive areas of white poplar which have enabled restoration of natural dune scrub such as gorse and broom. One of the important features of Royal Lytham and St Annes is the stands of heather which occur in certain areas of the course, and which are characteristic of older dune systems. The club recognised that heather was being lost as trees and scrub grew and spread, and decided to carry out a major programme of heather restoration to improve the extent and condition of this disappearing featu
Connection of internal habitat patches The clear felling and removal of white poplar trees within the course and around its perimeter has been replanted with gorse, broom, Silver Birch and Maritime pine which has had a positive ecological impact. This has led to an increase in nesting and feeding habitats for small song birds which require a mosaic of habitats from dune grassland (for feeding) and scrub (for nesting)

Connection of patches with external habitats The golf course provides a glimpse of the landscape that would of existed before the expansion of the town. Moreover, it is because of the presence of the golf course that a remnant of the historic landscape has been preserved.The tree and scrub lined course boundary provides a natural connection between the extensive urban garden habitats and the course.
Creation of habitat corridors Our main goal of implementing habitat corridors is to increase biodiversity, by re-connecting the fragments of low duneland scrub , which has had a positive influence on small bird populations.stabilize a population:
The creation of low dune land scrub made up largely of gorse have been colonization by a variety of small birds. These corridors act a food sources, nesting sites and provide additional habitats for bird movement.
Avoidance of habitat fragmentation Habitat fragmentation is avoided by closely monitoring the overall footprint and controlling the development of invasive plant species and the process of succession. There are strict policy's and procedure's in place that involve professional and proper consultation with outside agencies to ensure that no course project has a negative impact on the environment.
Improving and diversifying habitat edges Great effort is made to enhance the dune grassland , heather stands and low dune scrub largely by controlling the processes of succession. Woodland management focuses on the removal of White poplar to control the negative impact from leave fall and enrichment. Re planting with appropriate tree species Maritime pine and Silver Birch maintains original isolated tree cover internally and adjacent to the course boundary. Sections of woodland in places are bordered by low broom and gorse scrub.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to improve the quality of habitats on the golf course:

Activity Description
Creation of botanically rich rough grassland the process of tree ingress into the grasslands is referred to as natural succession which has a negative impact on the links environment. Leaf fall leads to nutrient enrichment which promotes the growth of coarser grasses, smothering the indigenous finer grasses as well as flowering plants within the rough. Management which incorporates cutting, scarifying and collecting grass plant matter encourages the regeneration of the finer sparser rich dune grassland. A programme has been implemented to scarify cut and collect the rough annually in late summer over the next 3 years.
Ecologically informed management of scrub vegetation RLSAGC has been granted Forestry Commission permission to clear fell White Poplar trees within the course and degenerate species around the perimeter. These areas of been replanted with gorse and broom which has had a positive ecological impact. One benefit has been the increase in nesting and feeding habitat for small birds including the linnet and stonechat which require a mosaic of habitats from dune grassland (for feeding) and scrub nesting.
Promoting species and structurally diverse woodlands The woodlands on course are sparse and often narrow in nature so therefore provide limited structural diversity. However the gorse is coppiced to improve structural diversity interest and condition. Rotational cutting on an ongoing on a cyclical 8 to 15 year basis covering all areas of the course (gorse has a infinite life cycle of around 30 years). This entails coppicing no more than 30% to maintain vegetative regrowth, or 1 to 2 plants in any one section.
Establishment of littoral shelves and marginal vegetation in wetland areas NOT APPLICABLE
Maintenance of an appropriate balance of open water and aquatic vegetation NOT APPLICABLE
Naturalization of linear habitats There are extensive amenity beech hedges around the club car park and putting green which provide valuable nesting habitat for a variety of bird species, these cannot be naturalised The boundary of the course has a linear mosaic of trees and scrub with very little management intervention.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to conserve and enhance biodiversity on the golf course:

Activity Description
Provision of nesting and nectar for pollinators The rough is species rich, supporting both acid and calcareous elements. Dewbury, harebell, rough and autumn hawkbit, common mouse ear, birds foot trefoil, restharrow and yarrow are all quite common. These provide a good environment for butterflies such as the gatekeeper, small copper and common blue, and bumblebees who act as pollinator insects. Creeping willow is an important component of the lower lying hollows. Grasslands further offline are extremely important with taller plants including mugwort, common thistle, large flowered evening primrose, bladder campion and yarrow.
Installation of nest boxes The expansive stands of gorse on the course provides very valuable nesting habitat for small song birds.However, the club will compliment these natural nesting sites with the provision of nesting boxes in woodland, targeting areas that are particularly sheltered and quiet.
Provision of feeding tables these do not exist at present but provision will be made to install a bird feeder and table adjacent to the greenkeepers maintenance compound which naturally provides adjacent woodland cover.
Control / management of alien species Since 2001 we have embarked on a progressive ecological management programme developed to enhance the courses Biological Heritage Site status which supports a mosaic of species rich dune grassland, heath and scrub. This work has not only improved the ecology of the site but has restored the original open character of the links at Lytham and St Annes. The processes of succession (largely tree invasion especially within heather stands) is controlled tightly on a yearly basis
Provision of hibernation areas Some of the more mature extensive pockets of woodland areas provide a valuable environment for foraging, roosting and hibernating bats. Creeping ivy enhances the environment for bats, and is therefore not controlled, unless the ivy is having a negative impact on tree growth and development.
Creation of micro-habitats (eg log and stone piles) Areas out of play within the course are periodically left open and the sand exposed. Marram is planted sparingly. Sand is an extremely important habitat for a range of species including solitary bees, plants and amphibians such as the common lizard.

Water

The course is managed to maintain and enhance the firmness and pace of the playing surfaces which has impact on design characteristics and the playing challenge.A soft course is a dead course; it would not really matter from where the green was approached from, so it is a guiding principle of course management that only sufficient irrigation water is utilised to keep the grass plant alive and not to soften the course and enhance the colour of the turf for visual or playability reasons. The irrigation system was installed in 2002 and is serviced annually by the installers to ensure the efficiency and the effectiveness of the system is maintained. The system was designed based on a drought irrigation cycle, where all the sprinklers can be set on full circle operation, such as might be the case in a very dry year or after a major tournament to enhance turf recovery. The design of the system ensured that the peak daily flow was reduced to 783 cubic metres, that covers the Championship course, Shortcourse and practice Ground.
The system has been designed to apply the following weekly water requirements, within a night time irrigation window of 9 hours:Greens 25 mm,Tees 20 mm,Approaches 20 mm,Fairways 15 mm, Carries 15 mm. The average annual rainfall 627mm. Every drop of water used is scrutinised, the Club acknowledges that water is an extremely important resource and should only be used to keep the grass plant alive. Water supply for irrigation and washing down machinery purposes is fed from underground aquifer, which is licenced by the Environment Agency. However, should this fail or not provide sufficient water supply , water is then sourced from a mains supply.
The needs of the Clubhouse and other ancillary buildings are fed by a series of United Utilities mains water supplies. Water is used for consumption, washing and waste water.




Sources & Consumption

The following water audits have been undertaken at this golf facility:

Title Author Date View document
Water Supply and Analysis and the Open Championship 2001 Enenco Group Ltd 2002/04/01
Royal Lytham and St Annes Golf Club Initial Water Cost Audit Report Philip Wright RM Water Services 2011/05/12
Royal Lytham and St Annes Golf Club. Report on Irrigation System Halcrow Gilbert Associates 1999/01/05
Royal Lytham and St Annes Golf Club. Feasibility Study of Groundwater for Irrigation Jim Campell consulting hydrogeologist 1996/02/15
Royal Lytham and St Annes Golf Club. Impact Assessment of proposed Increase on Groundwater Abstraction for Irrigation. J Drake Halcrow Crouch Ltd 1999/04/01
Irrigation System Preliminary Report Royal Lytham and St Annes Gold CLub. Giles Wardle Wardle Consulting Engineers Ltd 2001/02/01

The water used at this golf facility is drawn from the following sources:

2014 Source(s) % of supply Total Consumption
Clubhouse(s) Public / Potable 100% 2,771 Cubic Metres
Golf Course Groundwater 100% 15,051 Cubic Metres
Maintenance Facility/Facilities Public / Potable 100% 1,946 Cubic Metres
Other Public / Potable 100% 777 Cubic Metres
2013 Source(s) % of supply Total Consumption
Clubhouse(s) Public / Potable 100% 1,960 Cubic Metres
Golf Course Groundwater 100% 14,492 Cubic Metres
Maintenance Facility/Facilities Public / Potable 100% 1,946 Cubic Metres
Other Public / Potable 100% 629 Cubic Metres
2012 Source(s) % of supply Total Consumption
Clubhouse(s) Public / Potable 100% 1,960 Cubic Metres
Golf Course Groundwater 100% 8,013 Cubic Metres
Maintenance Facility/Facilities Public / Potable 100% 1,929 Cubic Metres
Other Public / Potable 100% 629 Cubic Metres

Irrigation & Efficiency

The following areas receive irrigation at this golf facility:

Greens Weekly
Tees Weekly
Fairways Weekly
Semi-Rough Never
Rough Never
Other Never

The irrigation system at this golf facility is:
Fully computer controlled

The irrigation system at this golf facility is:

Serviced every 1 years

Re-calibrated and checked for efficient application every 1 years

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to maximize irrigation efficiency:

Activity Description
Selection of grass species Royal Lytham and St Annes Golf Club is committed to an on going sward improvement programme to increase the proportion of indigenous links grasses, notably fine leaved fescues and browntop bents. These species require less inputs of water and are particularly suited to the climatic extremes of wind and drought that are associated with coastal environments.
Soil decompaction and thatch management Soil conditions are maintained to deliver a target range of 3 to 4 % organic matter content 0 - 20mm depths. Micro hollowing and solid tining, verti cutting, routine grooming and regular sand top dressing are implemented to remove / control plant matter. Routine solid timing throughout the year controls compaction. Bi annual verti draining relieves compaction and helps to maintain healthy open soil conditions.
Timing and dose of water application An on site weather station informs the irrigation programme which aims to offset but not completely replace the daily evapotransporation losses of the grass plants. This loss may be 4 to 5mm per night but it is recognised that evapotranspiration replacement need only be in the order of 2 to 3mm to maintain acceptable growing and playing conditions Watering at night helps reduce evaporation losses that would be much higher if water was applied during the heat of the day.
Analysis of soil moisture RLSAGC monitor moisture levels to provide additional information to refine the management decisions. This invaluable practice during hotter drier spells in the summer when inconsistencies and losses of playing quality. We aim to maintain a soil moisture level of around 18%. Weekly and daily moisture levels are monitored closely during a drought and when the soil moisture level reaches a trigger point of 15% readings are taken across the hole green to inform accurately the management of re-moistening.
Incorporation of evapotranspiration rates and weather data An on site weather station informs the irrigation programme which aims to offset but not completely replace the daily evapotransporation losses of the grass plants. This loss may be 4 to 5mm per night but it is recognised that evapotranspiration replacement need only be in the order of 2 to 3mm to maintain acceptable growing and playing conditions Watering at night helps reduce evaporation losses that would be much higher if water was applied during the heat of the day.
Use of wetting agents All irrigation is applied in conjunction with monthly treatment of wetting agent (greens and tees) to help ensure that water infiltrates and percolates down through the turf surface into the soil profile where it is available to the grasses.
Overall reduction in irrigated area The irrigation system ensures turf grass survival. The flexibility of the computer run system allows individual irrigation heads to run independently, so ensuring that water is only directed only where it is required at night. the benefits of a fully automated modern irrigation system there is still a vital role for hand watering, which is employed to prevent more drought prone areas from drying out excessively.
Targeting of sprinkler heads A valve in head system facilitates independent control of each sprinkler and thus the run time of each sprinkler head can be set to the requirements of the turf surrounding that sprinkler
Optimizing system pressure Valve in head systems also have hydraulic advantages in reduced friction losses in the system by spreading the flow around the system as opposed to concentration the flow at a block of say 4 sprinklers. The reduced friction losses inherent in valve in head systems mean that the pumping plant operating pressure are less than would be with a block operated system. The reduced pumping pressure required translates to reduced energy costs and increased efficiency of water.
Adoption of cutting edge nozzle technology Modern gear driven nozzle design has been improved to equal the standard of performance in windy conditions of impact -

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to conserve / reduce / minimize water consumption:

Activity Description
Low-flow urinals and toilets "Aqualogic" automated sensor water conservation urinal flushing system in place in main Gents toilets however not fitted to the upstairs gents urinals which feature a manual flush system. All recently installed toilets to first floor of Clubhouse and professional shop toilet feature new dual flush cisterns.
Use of water efficient appliances CPD. All energy efficiency opportunities are being considered by the Club House Committee.
Use of efficient shower technology Hot water is generated as required as opposed to being stored.
Repairing leaks On course leaks are detected by a drop in water pressure and repaired promptly. Off course leaks are also dealt with promptly.
Water awareness signage There is no evidence that signage is required in the Clubhouse. However all staff are encouraged to monitor the use of water.

Energy

The Club purchases and uses supplies of energy from the most economic sources.
We have an arrangement with an organisation which vets and compares energy suppliers and recommends the most favourable terms for contracts. The Club are actively seeking energy efficiency opportunities.



Sources & Consumption

No energy surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility.

Consumption of renewable energy and resources at this golf facility:

2014 2013 2012
Renewable Grid Electricity (kWh) 43723 34810 35092

Consumption of non-renewable energy and resources at this golf facility:

2014 2013 2012
Coal 3550 3250 2600
Diesel (Cubic Metres) 16 14 16
LPG (Cubic Metres) 2 1 2
Natural Gas (Cubic Metres) 45716 50773 54803
Non-renewable Grid (kWh) 234029 186952 190293
Petrol (Cubic Metres) 2.599 2.336 2.892

Energy Efficiency

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to diversify energy and fuel supply:

Activity Description
Adoption of green tariff grid supply Not applicable at present.
Installation of small scale wind turbine Not applicable at present.
Installation of photovoltaic and / or solar panels Not applicable at present.
Use of geothermal and / or ground sources Not applicable at present.
Use of Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG) The Club uses LPG to heat the Green Sheds for the Maintenance Staff.
Use of biodiesel and /or ethanol Not applicable at present.
Use of electric hybrid vehicles Not applicable at present.
Use of recycled oils Not applicable at present.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to reduce energy consumption:

Activity Description
Investment in low-energy heating and air conditioning systems The Club have invested £40,000 in the latest specification of High Efficiency Boilers for Heating and Water Heating in the Club House. Air conditioning units are in place in several rooms in the Clubhouse - all are up to date specifications.
Optimizing thermostat levels for heating and refrigeration The Clubhouse features a three zone thermostat heating system.
Enhancement of natural ventilation opportunities All refurbished windows now have openers (common for timber windows to be painted shut). All of the Dormy House windows feature new window openers as do the following windows in the Clubhouse; dining room, snooker room, committee room and mixed bar.
Upgrading of building insulation Insulation is fitted in the Dormy House and Clubhouse roof spaces. The new dining room façade meets current building regulations for insulation. The Dormy House has just been fitted with new double glazed windows as has the Mixed Bar. The Clubhouse and Club buildings is subject to constant improvements in this regard when new projects are adopted.
Use of natural light (e.g. sunlight pipes) All public spaces in the Clubhouse have good levels of natural light.
Installation of low-energy lighting The Clubhouse features low energy light bulbs and LED downlights throughout.
Use of motion sensor lighting Motion sensor lighting is evident in the staff areas on the second floor of the Clubhouse, the drying room (recently refurbished) and the recently refurbished toilets on the first floor of the Clubhouse. They are also featured in the Dormy House in the following areas; entrance lobby and toilet areas.
Transition to energy efficient appliances All energy efficiency opportunities are actively being considered by the Club House Committee.
Use of timers with appliances, heating and lighting Heating to the Clubhouse is controlled by state of the art controls which monitor internal and external temperature and features time clocks.
Educating staff and customers Staff are told to turn off lights when rooms are not being used during quiet times.

Vehicles & Transport

The maintenance fleet at this golf facility uses the following fuel sources:

Ride-on Mowers Walking Mowers Utility Vehicles
Petrol 5% 100% 29%
Diesel 95% 57%
Grid Electric 14%

Additional vehicles operated by this golf facility use the following fuel sources:

Golf Carts Cars Buses
Grid Electric 100%

This golf facility has established the following schemes to encourage reductions in staff and customer transport emissions:

Activity Description
Car sharing incentives Not applicable at present.
Group transportation (e.g. buses) Not applicable at present.
Secure cycle parking Provided at the back of the professional shop for Members and Visiting golfers. Safe area provided near the courtyard area for staff bikes.
Promoting public transport routes and timetables Not applicable at present.
Increasing equipment storage (e.g. lockers) Club, trolley, suit and valuables lockers available.
Staff showers Showers are available for Male and Female Staff.
Tax breaking incentives for cycling The Club are considering this option for Club Staff. Sodexo (Catering staff) has in place the cycle to work initiative.
Promotion of walk to work campaigns The Secretary and Head Greekeeper walk to work daily. Leading by example.

Supply Chain

RLSAGC utilise a variety of products and services to ensure that the Club and Course maintains a service and quality in keeping with its course heritage. Golf course products range from sands, organic and inorganic fertilisers, organic plant conditioners, seed, turf, wetting agents and the minimal use of chemicals, sundries, personnel and PPE supplies, machinery parts fuels and lubricants. Course services include a variety of service contracts that include all types of Waste disposal, annual Irrigation service contract and course consultancy that covers course design, agronomy and ecology.

The Club uses one main food supplier, Total Food Services (Clitheroe), who source the food items from several other suppliers and deliver twice weekly. There is an extra monetary cost attached to this however it is more environmentally friendly and convenient. This is the same for beverage supplies (Same Day Beers - Blackpool).

Coal - during winter months from a local supplier.




Purchasing Policies

This golf facility undertakes the following ethical / environmental purchasing activities:

Activity Description
Measures to avoid waste at source Effort is being made to monitor and measure resource consumption. Investigating renewable technologies to reduce reliance on natural resources. Use of water is closely monitored internally and externally by Environment Agency. Moisture meters are used to ensure that only the required amount of water is applied to the course. Sodexo have a zero waste to landfill policy in place.
Use of local suppliers Green - Local and regional suppliers are sourced. Prior planning is necessary to ensure the minimal number of annual delivery's from any one supplier.
House - The number of food and beverage suppliers (as highlighted above) is minimal to reduce carbon footprint impact.

Food and drink suppliers are also sourced locally wherever possible.
Use of local products The selection of locally sourced products are preferred and are carefully considered when purchasing for all areas of the Club. Sodexo (Catering) has a dedicated purchasing team tasked with sourcing suppliers local to the area that comply with stringent food safety legislations.
Selection of certified products Certified products are preferred and are carefully considered when purchasing.
Use of recycled and recyclable products The Club has approved the installation of two practice bunkers utilising recycled synthetic turf to reduce number of times they need to be re-built.
Selection of products that feature minimal packaging The Club request that products are delivered featuring packaging that can be recycled or returned to the supplier.
Use of accredited suppliers (e.g. ISO 14001) Waste management company (Seven Ways Environmental Services) is ISO 14001 accredited - for Clubhouse waste.
Used cooking oil waste is recycled into biofuel and compost by Olleco who are also ISO 14001 accredited.

Supply Chain

An overview of the supplier network at this golf facility:

Total number of suppliers Total number of suppliers within 10 Miles Total number of suppliers within 100 Miles
Maintenance Equipment 5 5
Course Supplies 32 8 24

Turfgrass Inputs

This golf facility undertakes the following IPM activities:

Activity Description
Encouraging drought and disease tolerant grasses Fundamental principle to sound turf grass management is ensuring that the managed fine turf surfaces can with stand moderate to high levels of drought and disease pressures. Maintaining conditions that favour the growth and development of indigenous finer links grasses that are known to be stress tolerate and are less reliant on water and chemical inputs.
Managing stress and wear The management of stress, wear and tear is very important, this is achieved by closely monitoring turf grass quality to prevent weakening and deterioration in the health and condition of the sward which in turn will impact negatively on the recuperative capacity thereby safeguarding overall turfgrass integrity . Closely monitoring surface and subsurface moisture levels, implementing specific maintenance practices to offset stress whilst avoiding certain practices that will exacerbate turfgrass stress. levels. Maintaining turf grass health and implementing routine traffic control measures
Enhancement of soil structure Maintaining healthy soil conditions through maintenance. Routine timely treatments will maintain healthy turf grass growth which will then be less susceptible to drought, pest and disease pressures. Routine aeration treatments will aid to control thatch levels, maintain open aerobic conditions, that will in turn aid water penetration and infiltration and rooting through the soil profile.
Optimization of the growing environment The optimization of the growing environment is brought about by ensuring healthy turfgrass growth and development through management and maintenance of the most suitable grass species; careful applications of water and fertilizer; appropriate maintenance techniques; and with the use of chemicals as a last resort. Establishing an environment that reduces the environmental stresses of shade and moisture and poor drainage.
Managing thatch levels Thatch levels are monitored annually, with a 5-6% target range set. Closely monitored irrigation practices in tandem with routine aeration and verti cutting, maintains and controls optimum thatch levels to deliver sustainable, stress tolerate surfaces.
Managing surface moisture Surface moisture levels are kept to an absolute minimum to reduce disease pressures. This is achieved by routinely brushing whenever there is evidence of surface moisture. Maintaining an open surface through surface pricking
Establishing thresholds for pests and disease Pest populations above economic threshold of 35 per sq metre, which left untreated would lead to health threatening injury. Assessment and monitoring takes place before chemical treatment is deemed necessary. It is always our primary aim to adhere to sound environmental stewardship and to only use chemicals as a last resort.
Isolated low level incidences of disease are tolerated, however chemical treatment may be deemed necessary during periods of high disease pressure, particularly during the autumn months when climatic conditions are favourable for infection.
Scouting for pests and diseases This is carried out routinely and monitored very closely on a daily bases to ensure that the appropriate IPM decisions are made to ensure disease prevention and optimum sustainable control measures are taken .
Pest scouting is carried out at specific times in the pests life cycle, so that if high populations are present and control measures is necessary, treatment will prove effective.
Monitoring / improvement of plant health Course health and improvement is monitored routinely internally and annually externally by the STRI, who provide scientific turf quality based data. The data monitored identifies, soil moisture levels as a %, organic matter content as a %firmness in gravities , smoothness in mm and trueness in mm. Water quality and nutrient analysis. The findings of which all go towards ensuring that the correct management and maintenance decisions are made to maintain and improve turf grass health and condition under all environmental conditions.

Fertilizer use at this golf facility in the last three years (kg):

2014 2013 2012
Greens - K - Inorganic 20 15 10
Greens - N - Inorganic 80 80 30
Greens - N - Organic 20 60
Tees - N - Organic 90 90 90

Pesticide use at this golf facility in the last three years (kg):

2014 2013 2012
Fairways - Herbicide - Active Ingredient 2125 2125
Fairways - Herbicide - Total Weight 21250 21250
Fairways - Herbicide - Number of applications per year 1 1
Fairways - Insecticide - Active Ingredient 2.400 2.400
Fairways - Insecticide - Total Weight 24.000 24.000
Fairways - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 1 1
Greens - Fungicide - Active Ingredient 5.400 5.100 4.571
Greens - Fungicide - Total Weight 6.480 6.120 5.485
Greens - Fungicide - Number of applications per year 2 1 2
Greens - Herbicide - Active Ingredient 2.975 2.975
Greens - Herbicide - Total Weight 2.479 2.479
Greens - Herbicide - Number of applications per year 1 1
Greens - Insecticide - Active Ingredient .720 .720 .720
Greens - Insecticide - Total Weight .864 .864 .864
Greens - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 1 1 1
Rough - Herbicide - Active Ingredient 2.125
Rough - Herbicide - Total Weight 8.500
Rough - Herbicide - Number of applications per year 1
Rough - Insecticide - Active Ingredient .720
Rough - Insecticide - Total Weight 2.880
Rough - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 1
Semi-Rough - Herbicide - Active Ingredient 2.125 2.125
Semi-Rough - Herbicide - Total Weight 8.500 8.500
Semi-Rough - Herbicide - Number of applications per year 1 1
Semi-Rough - Insecticide - Active Ingredient .720 .720
Semi-Rough - Insecticide - Total Weight 2.880 2.880
Semi-Rough - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 1 1
Tees - Herbicide - Active Ingredient 2.125 2.125 2.125
Tees - Herbicide - Total Weight 1.912 1.912 1.912
Tees - Herbicide - Number of applications per year 1 1 1
Tees - Insecticide - Active Ingredient .720 .720 .720
Tees - Insecticide - Total Weight .648 .648 .648
Tees - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 1 1 1

This golf facility undertakes the following actions to optimize pesticide use:

Activity Description
Selection on the least toxic and lest persistent products The Club maintain a policy of austere use of pesticides. Products are selected based on efficacy and their minimal environmental impact. All available biological and cultural control methods are prioritised over the use of pesticides.
Selection of appropriate products for specific pests and diseases Internal research and professional external advise through the STRI is obtained on appropriate pesticide selection. Using this latest information ensures that well informed product choices to control specific pest and diseases are made.
Spot-treatment with handheld sprayers and wipers We potentially reduce the negative impact from pesticide usage by ensuring that a policy is place that evaluates the merits of spot treatment and wipers as opposed to blanket applications. The Club have a selection of handheld, pedestrianized, open and canopy covered boom spraying equipment, that provide sound ecological and economic course management options to be made.
Calibration and testing of sprayers The calibration of spraying equipment is routinely carried out prior to application. Service, maintenance and testing of all spraying equipment is carried out by the Clubs mechanic. All sprayers are routinely MOT.
Use of shrouded sprayer and anti-drip nozzles The Club seek to utilise the latest design in nozzle technology incorporating low drift and the highest efficacy ratings. Nozzles are replaced routinely to maintain efficacy. Canopy / shrouded boom spraying equipment is deployed whenever circumstances and conditions dictate.
Non-chemical weed control Sustaining the integrity of a healthy turf grass sward aids to reduce weed invasion particularly in intensively managed turf. Whenever economically viable selected hand weeding broadleaved weeds is carried out.
Use of organic and biological products to improve plant health and resistance. Greens management incorporates the utilisation of plant and soil conditioners, these are applied in aqueous seaweed and tea brew applications. They have been proven to enhance plant and soil health, establishing greater disease resistance and stress tolerance. These benefits are associated in the potential reduction of fertilisers and pesticide treatments.

Waste Management

No waste audits have been undertaken at this golf facility.

This golf facility manages key waste streams as follows:

Re-use Recycle Landfill Incinerate
Glass false true true false
Plastic false true true false
Aluminium false true false false
Metal false true false false
Paper & Cardboard false true false false
Grass Clippings false true false false
Cores & Turf false true false false
Sand false true false false
Wood / Timber false true false false

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to continue the lifecycle of materials and resources:

Activity Description
Separation of recyclable materials Green - Every effort is made to separate recyclable materials, however it is considered that improvements can be made.
Clubhouse - the Club uses a waste management company who separate the waste at landfill for recycling.
Establishment of recycling centers The Club are to fully review the services and costs of local recycling organisations that meet the Clubs needs and requirements.
Returning clipping to fairways and walkways The fairways have a fine grass species composition with a relatively low clipping yield. Clippings are removed to control thatch layers and deter worm casting. All grass arising's are recycled locally to make reusable compost.
Education of staff and customer education Clubhouse - Sodexo staff are fully trained with regards to the Sodexo waste management policy.
Waste awareness campaigns As awareness in the requirements in this area of the business development, it will be important that such campaigns are openly publicised within the organisation.
Sodexo staff would be informed of new waste management policies when updated by Sodexo.

Pollution Control

All course and maintenance facility and Clubhouse waste generated is recycled. Green and brown waste is composted offsite. RLSAGC employs the services of specialist waste disposal company to deal with hazardous waste. All paper, plastic and cardboard is recycled. Waste hydro carbons are disposed of according to the law. RLSAGC has an extensive inventory of golf course maintenance machinery and equipment which is powered by diesel and petrol combustion engines. The heating and hot water system is powered by butane gas in the Green sheds.

The Club uses eco friendly cleaning products and limit the number of aerosols used.

The Club cleans up any chemical spillages in accordance with Sodexo's policies ensuring that spillages are not absorbed into the ground.

Water Analysis

This golf facility monitors water quality with the following frequency:

Chemical Biological Visual
Inflow Yearly Never Weekly
On-Site Yearly Never Weekly
Outflow Yearly Never Weekly

Waste Water

Waste water from this golf facility is managed as follows:

Discharges to Formal Discharge Agreement
Golf Course Mains Sewer Yes
Clubhouse Mains Sewer Yes
Maintenance Facility Mains Sewer Yes
Wash Pad Mains Sewer Yes

Hazardous Materials

Hazardous materials at this golf facility are handled and disposed of as follows:

Secure Storage Registered Uplift
Detergents true true
Cooking Oils true true
Lubricants true true
Pesticide Containers true true
Fertiliser Bags true false
Oil Filters true true
Batteries true true

Pollution Prevention

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to prevent pollution from its maintenance facility and clubhouse:

Activity Description
Storage of equipment and hazardous products on covered, sealed impervious areas Pesticides are stored in a sealed bunded container. All hydro carbons are stored securely and safely in approved bunded tanks. The wash down facility posses a full retention separator Class 1, heavy duty silt separator and alarm that segregates all hydrocarbons before the waste water is dispersed down the main drains. All Clubhouse chemicals are stored in designated cleaning cupboards with the relevant COSHH files.
Maintenance of equipment on covered, sealed impervious areas All maintenance machinery and equipment is stored safely internally on a concrete impervious surface.
Mixing of pesticides and fertilizers in covered areas Mixing pesticides and fertilizers are kept to a minimum. Pesticides are never mixed under cover. Occasionally powdered fertilisers are mixed adjacent to open doors whilst wearing the appropriate PPE.
Mixing of pesticides and fertilizers over impervious surfaces Mixing of powdered fertilisers only takes place over impervious surfaces to ensure there is no pollution risk.
Installation of above-ground fuel tanks RLSAGC have a number of above ground fuel tanks. Bunded fuel stations have been designed especially for the safe, secure and environmentally responsible storage of diesel fuels. The petrol storage container is under review. The Calor Butane gas is stored in a above ground tank which is kept in a secure enclosure.
Installation of sufficient secondary containment for fuel The diesel tank is fully bunded. Petrol at present is transported and handled in approved 20 L and 5L containers with no secondary containment for fuel.
Provision of containment booms and absorbent materials Emergency spill kits are at hand and procedures are in place to deal with an incidences of pollution prevention.

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to prevent pollution on its golf course:

Activity Description
Eliminating leachate and run-off through careful timing of turf inputs The administration of judicious timely treatments ensures that there is no leachate. CPD. Monitoring annually the water quality leaving the site through open ditches.
Establishment of vegetative buffer strips around water bodies RLSAGC has a number of open drainage ditches where a strict 5 m buffer zone applies. These have to be openly maintained to permit routine maintenance operations and establish their obvious safe position, to prevent injury to all course users.
Establishment of emergency spillage response plan This is set out within the Clubs Health and Safety Policy Document.
Controlling erosion and sediment discharge Erosion is controlled by ensuring and maintaining vegetative cover. Maintaining and servicing the land drainage system which ensures that the system is jetted and de silted twice annually.
Sediment discharge Is controlled by strategically situated silt traps and an approved class 2 separator with integral grass traps and silt bath used for course machinery and equipment wash off station.
Establishment of pesticide-free zones Plant protection products or pesticides are only ever considered as a last resort. There are pesticide free zones established around the course and these relate to designated rich dune grassland, heather stands and dwarf scrub." Please note there is a working map that is to be created which can be used to identify these areas"
Use of swales and bio-filters to slow and treat surface run-off N/A

Community

RLSAGC is a long establish organisation which provides employment for over 50 people and provides business to a large network of local and regional companies. As one of the worlds greatest golfing venues it attracts a healthy number of golfing tourists in tandem with the annual Lytham Trophy which attracts a global entry, significantly benefits the local economy. The Club also hosts the Open Championship and other major tournaments, which have huge financial benefits to the local, regional and national economy.

Employment & Education

Typical staffing levels at this golf facility are:

Full Time Part Time Seasonal
Course Management 12

The sustainability working group at this golf facility is comprised of:

  • General Manager
  • Course Manager
  • Committee Members

Employees at this golf facility receive the following formal and informal environmental education:

Activity Description
Storage, application and disposal of pesticides All course employees involved in the handling and application of pesticides are trained and legally qualified to do so. Occasional refresher courses are carried out to ensure all personnel are kept up to date with legislation, chemical and new technologies.
Efficient water management Training and guidance is delivered to course staff. Automatic and hand irrigation is only applied when moisture levels fall below specific thresholds. Careful utility water usage is encouraged and this could be improved by signage.
Management of accidents and emergencies Accidents and Emergency Course plans and procedures are set out within the Course Health and Safety Policy Document. Future training will involve an annual Health and Safety Staff Awareness refresher session covering all subject matter contained within the Course Health and Safety Policy Document. The Club has a defibrillator and staff have been trained in its use. The Club has an EVAC chair for emergencies in the Clubhouse.
Management of habitats and vegetation The course is audited by the Ecology department of the STRI for the R&A. Various other professional independent advisor have provided guidance on the ecological management of the course. All reports are made available to committee members and course employees to read, and a summary in the form of a report delivered by the Course Manager is also presented.
Waste minimization, separation and recycling Course wastage is kept to an absolute minimum which is brought about by tight budgetary control, detailed planning, careful material selection and its accurate application. Thorough separation and appropriate identification for recycling purposes. Clubhouse staff trained in the Sodexo Waste Management Policy.
Health & Safety Annual Health and Safety refresher days are provided to course staff, so that they are kept aware of their own safety and that of all others in the work place. The Course Health and Safety Policy Document contains all relevant information provided for the employee and organisations well being and safety.

The Club has fully up to date Risk Assessments for every department and staff are fully trained in accordance to the Risk Assessments. Any near misses are also reported and monitored.
Energy Saving Informal training is provided to staff with regards to Energy Saving. Switching lights off, minimal use of air conditioning units, switching off appliances when not in use.
Understanding of landscape and cultural heritage RLSAGC Historian has delivered numerous presentations and papers on this subject and is consulted prior to any club or course development. The Club have a well kept library and archive collection which is used by the Club whenever matters relating to heritage are discussed at Committee and Council level. The staff are encouraged to utilise these resources.
Environmental management planning RLSAGC are committed to sound Environmental Management Planning to ensure that the environment is protected and the club comply with environmental legislation. This is communicated to the staff by the Head Greenkeeper, Secretary and Catering Manager.

Community Relations

This golf facility engages with local community groups in the following manner:

Activity Description
Neighbours Staff and Members are encouraged to leave the premises quietly to minimise the disturbance of neighbours.
Local Environmental Groups CPD. The Club through an appointed ecology officer from with in the green staff, will open a relationship with the local RSPB at Fairhaven Lake. With the intent to provide the visitor centre with bird activity on the course.
Schools & Colleges The Club recruits through St Annes College who place advertisements for seasonal catering staff. The Club also has close links with Myerscough college to encourage work experience placements and scholarships for greenkeeping.

Land Use & Cultural Heritage

This golf facility provides access and diversified land use for others through:

Activity Description
Maintenance of existing public paths The local council is responsible for the up keep of the public right of way at the 8th and 11th holes. The Club maintains the fence that runs adjacent to this right of way.
Creation of new paths and nature trails N/A
Installation of effective and welcoming signage N/A
Providing opportunities for other recreation (e.g. fishing) N/A
Partnership conservation and access projects (e.g. community woodland) N/A
Continuation of traditional agricultural activities N/A

No archaeological or heritage surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility.

This golf facility does not consult any organizations regarding the conservation of cultural heritage.

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to conserve cultural heritage features:

Activity Description
Buildings (Listed Buildings / Ancient Monuments etc) N/A
Archaeology (Settlements / Agricultural System etc) N/A
Historic Features (Hedgerows / Dykes / Moats / Cairns etc) Golf Course - CG

Communications

This golf facility undertakes the following internal environmental communications:

Activity Description
Provision of newsletters, notice boards & poster display The Course Manager provides regular updates on environmental matters periodically via committee meetings to staff. A Green Quarterly Update notice is provided to the Members to update on golf course related matters.
Members evenings and course walks The Green Committee have a annual course walks which provides an educational and awareness opportunity for committee members on course management , maintenance, ecology and projects. Committee members are welcome to attend any of the scheduled agronomic or ecological advisory visits through out the year.
Course guides / brochures The Club have in tandem with the R&A produced a guide to the environmental management of the links 2012. This is available for committee and staff education and awareness.
Interpretation panels & course signage None available
Establishment of a nature trail N/A

This golf facility undertakes the following social and environmental advocacy activities:

Activity Description
Website, press releases & brochures SEC
Supporting campaigns SEC
Attending community meetings Environment Agency